鷸虻

双翅目昆虫的一科

鷸虻(Rhagionidae)是雙翅目下一個細小的,其下有21個

鹬虻科Infobox info icon2.svg
Schnepfenfliege Rhagio scolopaceus2.jpg
普通鷸虻
科学分类 编辑
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 节肢动物门 Arthropoda
纲: 昆虫纲 Insecta
目: 雙翅目 Diptera
亚目: 短角亚目 Brachycera
下目: 虻下目 Tabanomorpha
总科: 鹬虻总科 Rhagionoidea
科: 鹬虻科 Rhagionidae

見內文

描述编辑

鷸虻科是中等或大型的雙翅目,有幼長的身體及像高蹺的節肢。牠們的口器可以刺穿皮膚,很多種鷸虻都是血食性的,其他的則會掠食其他昆蟲。牠們一般都是褐色及黃色的,沒有剛毛幼蟲亦是掠食性的,很多是居住在陸地上的,一些則是生活在水中的。[1]

 
Rhagio mystaceus

分類编辑

鷸虻科是分類在短角亞目下的虻下目中。AtherixVermileo已從鷸虻科中抽出,並分類在流虻科穴虻科

以下6屬是出現在歐洲的鷸虻:[2]:

以下8個屬則分佈在新北界[3]:

  • Arthroceras
  • Bolbomyia
  • 金鷸虻屬(Chrysopilus
  • Litoleptis
  • Ptiolina
  • 鷸虻屬(Rhagio
  • Spania
  • Symphoromyia

另外,Arthroceras及金鷸虻屬亦有在日本出現。[4]

參考编辑

  1. ^ L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz. Rhagionidae. British Insects: the Families of Diptera. 2007-04-09 [2008-06-05]. (原始内容存档于2011-06-06). 
  2. ^ Rhagionidae. Fauna Europaea. [2007-07-02]. (原始内容存档于2007-09-30). 
  3. ^ Nomina — Diptera: P–S. Nearctica. 1998 [2008-06-05]. (原始内容存档于2008-05-17). 
  4. ^ A Check List of Japanese Insects. [2008-06-05]. (原始内容存档于2019-05-27). 

文獻编辑

  • Bezzi, M. 1928. Diptera Brachycera and Athericera of the Fiji Islands based on material in the British Museum (Natural History). British Museum (Natural History), London. viii + 220 pp.
  • Lindner, E 1924-1925.Rhagionidae in Die Fliegen der Paläarktischen Region 4 (20) 1-49. ISBN 3-510-43016-6 Keys genera and species.
  • Stuckenberg, B., 1960 Diptera (Brachycera): Rhagionidae. S.Afr. anim. Life 7: 216-308 Keys genera and species.
  • Stuckenberg, B.,1965 The Rhagionidae of Madagascar (Diptera). Ann.Natal Mus. 18:89-170. Keys genera and species.
  • Leonard, M. D., 1930, A revision of the Dipterous family Rhagionidae (Leptidae) in the. United States and Canada, Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 7:1-181.
  • Malloch, J. R. 1932. Rhagionidae, Therevidae. British Museum (Natural History). Dept. of Entomology [eds] Diptera of Patagonia and South Chile, based mainly on material in the British Museum (Natural History). Part V. Fascicle 3. - Rhagionidae (Leptidae), Therevidae, Scenopenidae, Mydaidae, Asilidae, Lonchopteridae. pp. 199-293.
  • Nagatomi, A. 1982. The genera of Rhagionidae (Diptera). J. Nat. Hist. 16: 31-70.
  • A. Nagatomi & K. Soroida. The structure of the mouthparts of the orthorrhaphous Brachycera (Diptera) with special reference to blood-sucking. Beitr. Ent. 1985, 35 (2): 263–368, 480. 

外部連結编辑