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2016年美国参议院选举

2016年美国参议院选举于2016年11月8日举行,参议院100个席位中的34个席位将进行改选。获胜者将成为第115届美国国会的参议员,他们的六年任期将于2023年1月3日结束。此次选举的皆为第三组参议员,包括民主党的10个席位与共和党的24个席位。参议院选举将与2016年美国总统选举美国众议院选举、州长选举及其他许多地方选举同日举行。共和黨在此次選舉中保持對參議院的控制權。民主党获得绝对多数的选票,并净增2个席位。

2016年美国参议院选举

← 2014 2016年11月8日 2018 →

  多數黨 少數黨
  Sen Mitch McConnell official.jpg Harry Reid official portrait 2009.jpg
领袖 米奇·麦康奈尔 哈里·瑞德
(将卸任)
政党 共和党 民主党
代表选区 肯塔基州 内华达州
选前议席 54 44
赢得议席 52 46
议席差额 2 2
民選得票 40,402,790 51,496,682
得票率 42.4% 53.8%
得票变动 9.3% 10.0%
改选席位 24 10
赢得选举数 22

  第三大黨
 
政党 独立人士
选前议席 2
选后议席 2
议席差额
改选席位 0

2016 US Senate election results map.svg
    民主党增加     民主党保持
    共和党保持

前任参议院多数党领袖

米奇·麦康奈尔
共和党

當選参议院多数党领袖

米奇·麦康奈尔
共和党

党派组成编辑

政党 总计
民主党 共和党 独立
选举前 44 54 2 100
改选 10 24 0 34
第三類(2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010→2016) 10 24 0 34
特殊:所有類别 0 0 0 0
不改选 34 30 2 66
第一類(2012英语United States Senate elections, 20122018英语United States Senate elections, 2018 23 8 2 33
第二類(2014英语United States Senate elections, 20142020英语United States Senate elections, 2020 11 22 0 33
参议员选举
在任议员卸任 3 2 5
在任议员参选 7 22 29

组成变化编辑

选举前编辑

I1 I2 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38
参选
D37
参选
D36
参选
D35
参选
D34 D33 D32 D31 D30 D29
D39
参选
D40
参选
D41
参选
D42
卸任
D43
卸任
D44
卸任
R54
卸任
R53
卸任
R52
参选
R51
参选
多数 →
R41
参选
R42
参选
R43
参选
R44
参选
R45
参选
R46
参选
R47
参选
R48
参选
R49
参选
R50
参选
R40
参选
R39
参选
R38
参选
R37
参选
R36
参选
R35
参选
R34
参选
R33
参选
R32
参选
R31
参选
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10

选举后编辑

I1 I2 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8
D18 D17 D16 D15 D14 D13 D12 D11 D10 D9
D19 D20 D21 D22 D23 D24 D25 D26 D27 D28
D38 D37 D36 D35 D34 D33 D32 D31 D30 D29
D39 D40 D41 D42 D43 D44 D45 D46 R52 R51
多数 →
R41 R42 R43 R44 R45 R46 R47 R48 R49 R50
R40 R39 R38 R37 R36 R35 R34 R33 R32 R31
R21 R22 R23 R24 R25 R26 R27 R28 R29 R30
R20 R19 R18 R17 R16 R15 R14 R13 R12 R11
R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10
图例:
D# 民主党
R# 共和党
I# 独立,加入民主党党团[1][2]

选举概况编辑

在任参议员 情形 候选人
参议员 政党 选举历史
阿拉巴马州 理查·谢尔比 共和党 1986英语United States Senate elections, 1986
1992英语United States Senate elections, 1992
1998英语United States Senate elections, 1998
2004英语United States Senate elections, 2004
2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010
在任者参选 理查·谢尔比(共和党)[3] 
羅恩·克蘭普頓英语Ron Crumpton(民主党)[4]
阿拉斯加州 莉萨·穆尔科斯基 共和党 2002(任命)
2004英语United States Senate elections, 2004
2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010
在任者参选 莉萨·穆尔科斯基(共和党)[5] 
雷·梅特卡夫英语Ray Metcalfe(民主党)[6]
喬·米勒英语Joe Miller(自由意志党)[7]
瑪格麗特·斯托克英语Margaret Stock(独立)[8][9]
亚利桑那州 约翰·麦凯恩 共和党 1986英语United States Senate elections, 1986
1992英语United States Senate elections, 1992
1998英语United States Senate elections, 1998
2004英语United States Senate elections, 2004
2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010
在任者参选 约翰·麦凯恩(共和党)[10] 
安·柯克帕特里克英语Ann Kirkpatrick(民主党)[11]
帕特·奎恩(Pat Quinn,独立/任意填名)[12][13]
加里·斯溫(Gary Swing,绿党/任意填名)[14]
阿肯色州 约翰·博兹曼 共和党 2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010 在任者参选 约翰·博兹曼(共和党)[15] 
康納·埃爾德里奇英语Conner Eldridge(民主党)[16]
弗蘭克·吉爾伯特(Frank Gilbert,自由意志党)[17]
加利福尼亚州 芭芭拉·柏克瑟 民主党 1992英语United States Senate elections, 1992
1998英语United States Senate elections, 1998
2004英语United States Senate elections, 2004
2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010
在任者卸任 卡瑪拉·哈里斯(民主党)[18] 
洛雷塔·桑切斯英语Loretta Sanchez(民主党)[19]
科罗拉多州 麦克·班尼 民主党 2009(任命)
2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010
在任者参选 麦克·班尼(民主党)[20] 
達里爾·格倫英语Darryl Glenn(共和党)[21]
莉莉·唐·威廉姆斯(Lily Tang Williams,自由意志党)[22]
阿爾恩·門科尼(Arn Menconi,绿党)[23]
康涅狄格州 理查德·布鲁门萨尔 民主党 2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010 在任者参选 理查德·布鲁门萨尔(民主党)[24] 
丹·卡特英语Dan Carter (politician)(共和党)[25]
理查德·萊恩(Richard Lion,自由意志党)[26]
傑夫·羅素(Jeff Russell,绿党)[27]
佛罗里达州 马可·卢比奥 共和党 2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010 在任者参选 派翠克·墨菲(民主党)[28]
马可·卢比奥(共和党)[29] 
保羅·斯坦頓(Paul Stanton,自由意志党)[30]
佐治亚州 强尼·艾萨克森 共和党 2004英语United States Senate elections, 2004
2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010
在任者参选 强尼·艾萨克森(共和党)[31] 
吉姆·F·巴克斯代爾英语Jim F. Barksdale(民主党)[32]
艾倫·巴克利英语Allen Buckley(自由意志党)[33]
夏威夷州 布莱恩·夏兹 民主党 2012(任命)
2014(特殊)英语United States Senate elections, 2014
在任者参选 布莱恩·夏兹(民主党)[34] 
約翰·卡羅爾(John Carroll,共和党)[34]
邁克爾·科科斯基(Michael Kokoski,自由意志党)[35]
爱达荷州 麦克·柯瑞柏 共和党 1998英语United States Senate elections, 1998
2004英语United States Senate elections, 2004
2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010
在任者参选 麦克·柯瑞柏(共和党)[36] 
傑里·斯特吉爾英语Jerry Sturgill(民主党)[37]
伊利诺伊州 马克·科克 共和党 2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010 在任者参选 马克·科克(共和党)[38]
谭美·达克沃斯(民主党)[39] 
肯特·麥克米倫(Kent McMillen,自由意志党)[40]
斯科特·薩默斯(Scott Summers,绿党)[41]
印第安纳州 丹·科茨 共和党 1989(任命)
1990(特殊)英语United States Senate elections, 1990
1992英语United States Senate elections, 1992
2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010
在任者卸任 埃文·贝赫(民主党)[42]
托德·扬(共和党)[43] 
露西·布倫頓(Lucy Brenton,自由意志党)[44]
艾奥瓦州 查克·葛雷斯利 共和党 1980英语United States Senate elections, 1980
1986英语United States Senate elections, 1986
1992英语United States Senate elections, 1992
1998英语United States Senate elections, 1998
2004英语United States Senate elections, 2004
2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010
在任者参选 查克·葛雷斯利(共和党)[45] 
帕蒂·賈奇英语Patty Judge(民主党)[46]
查克·奧爾德里奇(Chuck Aldrich,自由意志党)[47]
堪萨斯州 杰里·莫兰 共和党 2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010 在任者参选 杰里·莫兰(共和党)[48] 
帕特里克·威斯納(Patrick Wiesner,民主党)[49]
羅伯特·加拉德(Robert Garrard,自由意志党)[50]
肯塔基州 兰德·保罗 共和党 2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010 在任者参选 吉姆·格雷英语Jim Gray(民主党)[51]
兰德·保罗(共和党)[52] 
路易斯安那州 大卫·维特 共和党 2004英语United States Senate elections, 2004
2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010
在任者卸任 福斯特·坎貝爾英语Foster Campbell(民主党)[53]
約翰·尼利·肯尼迪(共和党)[54] 
马里兰州 芭芭拉·米库斯基 民主党 1986英语United States Senate elections, 1986
1992英语United States Senate elections, 1992
1998英语United States Senate elections, 1998
2004英语United States Senate elections, 2004
2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010
在任者卸任 克里斯·范·荷伦(民主党)[55] 
凱西·施里加英语Kathy Szeliga(共和党)[56]
瑪格麗特·弗勞爾斯(Margaret Flowers,绿党)[57]
密苏里州 罗伊·布伦特 共和党 2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010 在任者参选 罗伊·布伦特(共和党)[58] 
傑森·坎德英语Jason Kander(民主党)[59]
喬納森·戴恩(Jonathan Dine,自由意志党)[60]
内华达州 哈里·瑞德 民主党 1986英语United States Senate elections, 1986
1992英语United States Senate elections, 1992
1998英语United States Senate elections, 1998
2004英语United States Senate elections, 2004
2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010
在任者卸任 凱瑟琳·科爾特斯·馬斯托(民主党)[61] 
乔·赫克(共和党)[62]
新罕布什尔州 凯利·阿约特 共和党 2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010 在任者参选 凯利·阿约特(共和党)[63]
瑪吉·哈桑(民主党)[64] 
布萊恩·夏博(Brian Chabot,自由意志党)[65]
纽约州 查克·舒默 民主党 1998英语United States Senate elections, 1998
2004英语United States Senate elections, 2004
2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010
在任者参选 查克·舒默(民主党)[24] 
溫迪·龍英语Wendy Long(共和党)[66]
亞歷克斯·梅塞德(Alex Merced,自由意志党)[67]
Robin Wilson(绿党)[68]
北卡罗来纳州 理查·波尔 共和党 2004英语United States Senate elections, 2004
2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010
在任者参选 理查·波尔(共和党)[69] 
黛博拉·K·羅斯英语Deborah K. Ross(民主党)[70]
肖恩·霍夫(Sean Haugh,自由意志党)[71]
北达科他州 约翰·霍文 共和党 2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010 在任者参选 约翰·霍文(共和党)[72] 
艾略特·格拉斯凱姆英语Eliot Glassheim(民主党)[73]
羅伯特·馬凱特(Robert Marquette,自由意志党)[74]
俄亥俄州 罗伯·波特曼 共和党 2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010 在任者参选 罗伯·波特曼(共和党)[75] 
泰德·史垂克兰德(民主党)[76]
約瑟夫·德馬爾(Joseph DeMare,绿党)[77]
俄克拉荷马州 詹姆斯·兰克福德 共和党 2014(特殊)英语United States Senate elections, 2014 在任者参选 詹姆斯·兰克福德(共和党)[24] 
麥克·沃克曼(Mike Workman,民主党)[78]
羅伯特·墨菲(Robert Murphy,自由意志党)[79]
俄勒冈州 罗恩·怀登 民主党 1996(特殊)英语United States Senate elections, 1996
1998英语United States Senate elections, 1998
2004英语United States Senate elections, 2004
2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010
在任者参选 罗恩·怀登(民主党)[24] 
馬克·卡拉漢(Mark Callahan,共和党)[80]
吉姆·林賽(Jim Lindsay,自由意志党)[81]
埃里克·納維克斯(Eric Navickas,绿黨)[81]
宾夕法尼亚州 帕特·图米 共和党 2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010 在任者参选 帕特·图米(共和党)[82] 
凱瑟琳·麥金蒂英语Kathleen McGinty(民主党)[83]
愛德華·克利福德(Edward Clifford,自由意志党)[84]
南卡罗来纳州 蒂姆·斯科特 共和党 2013(任命)
2014(特殊)英语United States Senate elections, 2014
在任者参选 蒂姆·斯科特(共和党)[24] 
托馬斯·迪克森(Thomas Dixon,民主党)[85]
比爾·布萊索(Bill Bledsoe,自由意志党)[86]
南达科他州 约翰·图恩 共和党 2004英语United States Senate elections, 2004
2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010
在任者参选 约翰·图恩(共和党)[87] 
傑伊·威廉姆斯(Jay Williams,民主党)[88]
犹他州 麦克·李 共和党 2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010 在任者参选 麦克·李(共和党)[89] 
米斯蒂·斯諾英语Misty Snow(民主党)[90]
佛蒙特州 帕特里克·莱希 民主党 1974英语United States Senate elections, 1974
1980英语United States Senate elections, 1980
1986英语United States Senate elections, 1986
1992英语United States Senate elections, 1992
1998英语United States Senate elections, 1998
2004英语United States Senate elections, 2004
2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010
在任者参选 帕特里克·莱希(民主党)[91] 
斯科特·米爾恩英语Scott Milne(共和党)[92]
华盛顿州 派蒂·莫瑞 民主党 1992英语United States Senate elections, 1992
1998英语United States Senate elections, 1998
2004英语United States Senate elections, 2004
2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010
在任者参选 派蒂·莫瑞(民主党)[93] 
克里斯·萬斯英语Chris Vance (politician)(共和党)[94]
威斯康星州 罗恩·詹森 共和党 2010英语United States Senate elections, 2010 在任者参选 拉斯·芬格尔德(民主党)[95]
罗恩·詹森(共和党)[96] 
菲爾·安德森(Phil Anderson,自由意志党)[97]

 代表當選。

参考文献编辑

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