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2017年沙特阿拉伯反腐

2017年沙特阿拉伯反腐,是指沙特阿拉伯自2017年11月以来,由王储穆罕默德·本·萨勒曼领导的反腐委员会抓捕了许多重要的王子、政府官员以及商界人士。多达五百人在此次清洗中受到抓捕。[1]

新闻周刊认为,此次反腐抓捕理论上有三种动机:纯粹的反腐镇压,一个攫取金钱的计划,或准备接管王权。[2]

在反腐运动期间,被拘捕者被囚禁在利雅得丽思卡尔顿酒店[3][4]私人飞机也被禁止起飞,防止嫌疑人离开国家。[4]

此次逮捕使得前国王阿卜杜拉的派系被排除在核心之外,且穆罕默德王储成功巩固了其对沙特三支安全部队的控制权。[4]Google波斯湾前公共政策主管萨姆·布拉特伊斯(Sam Blatteis)认为,“这是中东与开放政策最相似的事情”,其他商人们将此次清洗同俄罗斯总统普京俄罗斯寡头英语Russian oligarch具有政治目的的打击进行比较。[5]经济学人》则将这次借反腐打击政敌巩固权力的行动与中共中央总书记习近平领导的中共十八大以来的反腐败工作相提并论。[6]

作为此次镇压的一部分,沙特阿拉伯的银行冻结了超过1700个账户。[7]根据华尔街日报报道,沙特政府针对了超过八千亿美元的现金及资产。[5]

沙特总检察长谢赫·索德·艾尔·莫特耶布在一份声明中宣称此次逮捕“仅仅是肃清一切腐败的生命进程的开始”。他补充到这些被拘留者将获准使用法律顾问,保证使审判“以及时而公开的方式”进行。[8]与此同时,萨勒曼国王任命了20多位新法官。[9]

受牵连的人物编辑

王子编辑

政治家及商人编辑

参考文献编辑

  1. ^ Kulish, Nicholas. Ritz-Carlton Has Become a Gilded Cage for Saudi Royals. 6 November 2017 –通过www.nytimes.com. 
  2. ^ Danielle Pletka, WHAT JUST HAPPENED IN SAUDI ARABIA? THE WEEKEND PURGE EXPLAINED, American Enterprise Institute (Newsweek), 8 November 2017 [10 November 2017] 
  3. ^ David Kirkpatrick. Saudi Arabia Arrests 11 Princes, Including Billionaire Alwaleed bin Talal. The New York Times. 4 November 2017 [5 November 2017]. 
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Saudi Arabia’s unprecedented shake-up. The Economist. 5 November 2017 [6 November 2017]. 
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 The Saudi purge will spook global investors and unsettle oil markets. The Economist. 9 November 2017 [11 November 2017]. 
  6. ^ The world should push the crown prince to reform Saudi Arabia, not wreck it. The Economist. 9 November 2017 [11 November 2017]. 
  7. ^ Saudi graft inquiry spreads beyond borders as UAE examines bank accounts Reuters
  8. ^ Saudi Arrests, Missiles and Proxy Conflict, All in Just Five Days. 8 November 2017 –通过www.bloomberg.com. 
  9. ^ Saudi anti-corruption purge: All the latest updates. www.aljazeera.com. [2017-11-09]. 
  10. ^ Michelle Mark and the Associated Press. Saudi Arabia arrests 11 princes, including billionaire investor Prince al-Waleed bin Talal. Business Insider. 4 November 2017 [5 November 2017]. Eleven princes and dozens of former ministers were detained ... The government said the anti-corruption committee has the right to issue arrest warrants, impose travel restrictions and freeze bank accounts. 
  11. ^ 11.0 11.1 Donna Abu-Nasr and Glen Carey — With assistance by Alaa Shahine, Zaid Sabah, Nadeem Hamid, Vivian Nereim, and Riad Hamade. Saudi Purge Sees Senior Princes, Top Billionaire Detained. Bloomberg L.P. 4 November 2017 [5 November 2017]. 
  12. ^ 12.0 12.1 Patrick Wintour. Saudi arrests show crown prince is a risk-taker with a zeal for reform. The Guardian. 5 November 2017 [5 November 2017]. 
  13. ^ Saudis arrest 11 princes, dozens of ex-ministers in shake-up. ynetnews. 4 November 2017 [5 November 2017]. 
  14. ^ 14.0 14.1 Becky Anderson and Sarah El Sirgany. Saudi anti-corruption sweep leads to high-profile arrests. cnn. 4 November 2017 [5 November 2017]. 
  15. ^ Saudi Prince Abdul Aziz bin Fahd, a business partner of former Lebanese PM Hariri, dies during arrest. 6 November 2017. 
  16. ^ Saudi prince 'alive and well' after claims he was dead. 
  17. ^ Saudi prince Mansour killed in helicopter crash near Yemen border. Middle East Eye. 2017-11-06 [2017-11-10] (英语). 
  18. ^ Saudi Prince Mansoor Bin Maqrin killed while fleeing country: Report. Times of Islamabad. 2017-11-07 [2017-11-10] (美国英语). 
  19. ^ Saudi Prince Killed While Trying to Flee amid Royal Purge: Source. Tasnim News Agency. 2017-11-07 [2017-11-10] (英语). 
  20. ^ Saudi princes among dozens detained in 'corruption' purge. BBC. November 5, 2017 [November 5, 2017]. 
  21. ^ 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 Igor Bosilkovski. Saudi Billionaire Prince Alwaleed Reportedly One Of At Least A Dozen Arrested For Corruption. Forbes. 4 November 2017 [5 November 2017]. 
  22. ^ Daily Sabah with Agencies, Istanbul. Alwaleed bin Talal, two other billionaires tycoons among Saudi arrests. Daily Sabah. November 5, 2017 [November 5, 2017]. 
  23. ^ 23.0 23.1 Factbox: Saudi Arabia detains princes, ministers in anti-corruption probe. reuters. 4 November 2017 [5 November 2017]. 
  24. ^ Al Tayyar says operating normally after founder’s arrest. Argaam. 4 November 2017 [5 November 2017]. 
  25. ^ Factbox: Saudi Arabia detains princes, ministers in anti-corruption probe, November 5, 2017, Reuters