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2018年剛果赤道省伊波拉出血熱爆發

2018年剛果赤道省伊波拉出血熱爆發是2018年5月至7月刚果民主共和国西北部赤道省埃博拉出血热的疫情,為該國第九次的埃博拉出血熱疫情[6],也是2013年至2016年的西非伊波拉病毒疫症以來,規模最大的埃博拉出血熱疫情[7],但其範圍局限於赤道省境內。這次疫情也是rVSV-ZEBOV疫苗英语rVSV-ZEBOV首次被用於控制埃博拉出血熱疫情,共有3481人接受疫苗接種[6][8][9]

2018年剛果赤道省伊波拉病毒爆發
首例:2018年5月8日[1][2]
結束:2018年7月24日[3]
Democratic Republic of the Congo (26 provinces) - Équateur.svg
赤道省在剛果民主共和國的位置
CD-Bikoro.png
比科羅在赤道省的位置
確診病例 38[4]
疑似病例 16人[5]
死亡 33人[5]

這起疫情始於2018年5月8日,報導指赤道省比科羅有21人疑似感染埃博拉出血热[10],其中有17人死亡,世界卫生组织無國界醫生派員至當地收取五件樣本,經檢驗後有兩件樣本證實為陽性[1][11]。5月17日,疫情散播至赤道省首府姆班達卡,使世界衛生組織將這波疫情的風險級別提升為「很高」[12][13],但仍未至國際公共衛生緊急事件的程度[14]。7月24日,世界衛生組織宣佈這波疫情結束[15][16][3]

赤道省疫情結束後不久,同年8月1日,該國東部的北基伍省伊圖里省爆發了嚴重的埃博拉出血熱疫情[17]

統計编辑

病例通報的時間軸[18]
日期 病例 死亡 死亡率 接觸者英语Contact tracing
確診 可能 疑似 總計
2018-05-11[19] 2 18 14 34 18 52.9% 75
2018-05-14[20] 2 22 17 41 20 48.8% 432
2018-05-18[21] 14 21 10 45 25 55.6% 532
2018-05-20[22] 28 21 2 51 27 52.9% 628
2018-05-23[23] 31 13 8 52 22* 42.3% >600[24]
2018-05-27[25] 35 13 6 54 25 46.3% 906
2018-05-30[26] 37 13 0 50* 25 50% >900[27]
2018-06-03[28] 37 13 6 56 25 44.6% 880
2018-06-06[29] 38 14 10 62 27 43.6% 619
2018-06-10[30] 38 14 3 55* 28 50.9% 634
2018-06-17[31] 38 14 10 62 28 45.1% 289
2018-06-20[15] 38 14 9 61* 28 45.9% 179
2018-06-24[32] 38 14 3 55* 28 51% 179
2018-06-29[33] 38 15 0 53* 29 54.7% 0
2018-07-09[34] 38 15 0 53 29 54.7% 0
2018-07-24[6] 38 16 0 54 33 61% 0

*數字可能變動

各地區病例總計
截至2018年7月24日(爆發結束)[6]
醫療區 病例 死亡 死亡率
確診 可能 疑似 總計
比科羅(Bikoro) 10 11 0 21 18 85.7%
伊波克(Iboko) 24 5 0 29 12 41.3%
萬加達英语Wangata(Wangata) 4 0 0 4 3 75%
因根代英语Ingende Territory(Ingende)[31] 0 0 0 0 0 -
Total 38 16 0 54 33 61%

參考資料编辑

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  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 Ebola outbreak in DRC ends: WHO calls for international efforts to stop other deadly outbreaks in the country. World Health Organization. [24 July 2018]. (原始内容存档于2018-07-31). 
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  11. ^ New Ebola outbreak hits Africa as 2 cases confirmed in Congo. CBS News. Associated Press. 8 May 2018 [9 May 2018]. (原始内容存档于2018-07-20) (英语). 
  12. ^ WHO concerned as one Ebola case confirmed in urban area of Democratic Republic of the Congo. World Health Organization. [17 May 2018]. (原始内容存档于2018-11-04) (美国英语). 
  13. ^ McKirdy, Euan; Senthilingam, Meera. WHO raises Ebola health risk to 'very high' in DRC. CNN. 18 May 2018 [18 May 2018]. (原始内容存档于2018-07-05). 
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