5-硝基咪唑

化合物

5-硝基咪唑是一种有机化合物,为硝基咪唑德语Nitroimidazole的同分异构体之一,化学式为C3H3N3O2。它可由咪唑在硝酸-硫酸中的硝化反应制备。[2]5-硝基咪唑可以进一步发生硝化反应,生成4,5-二硝基咪唑。[3]

5-硝基咪唑
IUPAC名
5-Nitro-1H-imidazole
别名 4-硝基咪唑
5-硝基-1H-咪唑
识别
CAS号 3034-38-6  ✓
PubChem 18208
ChemSpider 10637918
SMILES
InChI
InChIKey KUNMIWQQOPACSS-UHFFFAOYAV
性质
化学式 C3H3N3O2
摩尔质量 113.07 g·mol−1
熔点 303 °C(分解)[1]
危险性
警示术语 R:R20/21/22 R36/37/38
安全术语 S:S26 S36/37
主要危害 Xn
若非注明,所有数据均出自一般条件(25 ℃,100 kPa)下。

参考文献编辑

  1. ^ "PhysProp" data were obtained from Syracuse Research Corporation of Syracuse, New York (US). Retrieved from SciFinder. [2020-11-18]
  2. ^ Yves Lingscheid, Mathias Paul, Andreas Bröhl, Jörg-Martin Neudörfl, Ralf Giernoth. Determination of inter-ionic and intra-ionic interactions in a monofluorinated imidazolium ionic liquid by a combination of X-ray crystallography and NOE NMR spectroscopy: Intra-ionic interactions in a monofluorinated imidazolium IL. Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry. 2018-02, 56 (2): 80–85 [2020-11-18]. doi:10.1002/mrc.4608 (英语). 
  3. ^ Thomas M. Klapötke, Thomas G. Müller, Magdalena Rusan, Jörg Stierstorfer. Metal Salts of 4,5-Dinitro-1,3-imidazole as Colorants in Pyrotechnic Compositions: Metal Salts of 4,5-Dinitro-1,3-imidazole as Colorants in Pyrotechnic Compositions. Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie. 2014-06, 640 (7): 1347–1354 [2020-11-18]. doi:10.1002/zaac.201400082 (英语).