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第116屆美國國會
US Capitol west side.JPG
2019年1月3日 – 2021年1月3日
参议院议长迈克·彭斯 (R)
參議院臨時議長查克·格拉斯利 (R)
眾議院議長南希·佩洛西 (D)
議員100名議員
435名眾議員
6無票議員
參議院多數黨共和党
眾議院多數黨英语Party leaders of the United States House of Representatives民主党
會議
第一次:2019年1月3日 – 待定
第二次:待定 – 待定

第116届美国国会于2019年1月3日在美利坚合众国华盛顿哥伦比亚特区国会山就任。本届国会构成了美国联邦政府的立法机关,包括美国参议院美国众议院,会期到2021年1月3日为止。

2018年美国中期选举中,民主党夺得众议院的多数,并以此获得选举本届议长的优势:民主党的南希·佩洛西在全部430张议员选票中获得略多于51%的选票,成功当选议长;次高票的共和党凯文·麦卡锡则获得了44.76%的选票。而在参议院,共和党增大了其人数优势,使本届国会成为分裂国会,而共和党的特朗普总统则成为“跛脚总统”。

任内主要事件编辑

预期事件编辑

各党代表编辑

参议院编辑

 
本届国会开始时参议院席次分布图。
    民主党45席
     共和党52席
    另有2名独立代表加入民主党党团以及1席空缺
时间 政党
(有阴影者代表为多数党团)
总计 空缺
style="background-color:Template:Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color" | style="background-color:Template:Independent (United States)/meta/color" | style="background-color:Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color" |
民主党 独立 共和党
上届国会结束 47 2 50 99 1
2019.1.3(本届国会开始) 45 2 52 99 1[2]
2019.1.8 [a] 53 100 0
目前投票比例 47.5% 53.5%

众议院编辑

 
本届国会开始时众议院席次分布图。
    民主党235席
    共和党199席

    有一席具有争议[b]
政党
(有阴影者为多数党团)
总计 空缺
style="background-color:Template:Democratic Party (United States)/meta/color" | style="background-color:Template:Independent (United States)/meta/color" | style="background-color:Template:Republican Party (United States)/meta/color" |
民主党 独立 共和党
上届国会结束 196 0 236 432 3
2019.1.3(本届国会开始) 235 0 199 434 1[b]
目前投票比例 54.1% 0.0% 45.9%  
不具投票权的代表 3 1 2 6 0

领导者编辑

参议院编辑

Senate President
President Pro Tempore

多数党(共和党)领袖编辑

Minority (Democratic) Leadership编辑

House of Representatives编辑

House Speaker

Majority (Democratic) Leadership编辑

Minority (Republican) Leadership编辑

Members编辑

Senate编辑

Template:TOC US states The numbers refer to their Senate classes. All class 1 seats were contested in the November 2018 elections. In this Congress, class 1 means their term commenced in the current Congress, requiring re-election in 2024; class 2 means their term ends with this Congress, requiring re-election in 2020; and class 3 means their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 2022.

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Utah编辑

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West Virginia编辑

Wisconsin编辑

Wyoming编辑

 
Senate composition by state
  2 Democrats
  2 Republicans
  1 Democrat and 1 Republican
   1 Independent and 1 Democrat
   1 Independent and 1 Republican

House of Representatives编辑

Template:TOC US states

All but one of the 435 seats were filled by the elections on November 6, 2018, or by special elections thereafter.[b]

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Nevada编辑

New Hampshire编辑

New Jersey编辑

New Mexico编辑

New York编辑

North Carolina编辑

North Dakota编辑

Ohio编辑

Oklahoma编辑

Oregon编辑

Pennsylvania编辑

Rhode Island编辑

South Carolina编辑

South Dakota编辑

Tennessee编辑

Texas编辑

Utah编辑

Vermont编辑

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Washington编辑

West Virginia编辑

Wisconsin编辑

Wyoming编辑

Non-voting members编辑

 
House composition by district
    Democratic member     Republican member

See also编辑

Notes编辑

  1. ^ Senator-elect Rick Scott (R-Florida) will be become a senator on January 8, 2019 after his term as Governor of Florida ends.[2]
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 One seat, representing 北卡羅萊納州第九國會選區, has yet to be filled following allegations of election fraud. See 2018 North Carolina's 9th congressional district election.
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 The Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party (DFL) is the Minnesota and affiliate of the U.S. Democratic Party and its members are counted as Democrats.

References编辑

  1. ^ Archived copy. [2019-01-04]. (原始内容存档于2019-01-04). 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 2.2 Rick Scott won’t become U.S. Senator until Jan. 8. 
  3. ^ Wagner, John; DeBonis, Mike. Congressional leadership elections: House Republicans elect Kevin McCarthy as next leader; Pelosi seeks to shore up votes for speaker. The Washington Post. November 14, 2018 [November 15, 2018]. 
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Fandos, Nicholas. House Republicans Pick Kevin McCarthy as Their Next Leader. The New York Times. November 14, 2018 [November 29, 2018]. (原始内容存档于2018-11-22). 
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Bolton, Alexander. McConnell reelected as leader, Thune promoted to whip. The Hill. November 14, 2018 [December 6, 2018]. 
  6. ^ Lesniewski, Niels. Dick Durbin says he’s running for Senate re-election in 2020, unofficially. Roll Call. January 3, 2019 [January 4, 2019] (英语). 
  7. ^ Lesniewski, Niels. Catherine Cortez Masto Becomes First Latina to Lead DSCC. Roll Call. November 15, 2018 [December 6, 2018]. (原始内容存档于2018-12-06). 
  8. ^ McPherson, Lindsey; McPherson, Lindsey. Steny Hoyer Elected House Majority Leader. Roll Call. November 28, 2018 [December 7, 2018]. (原始内容存档于2018-11-29) (英语). 
  9. ^ McPherson, Lindsey. James Clyburn Elected Majority Whip. Roll Call. November 28, 2018 [December 7, 2018]. (原始内容存档于2018-12-09) (英语). 
  10. ^ McPherson, Lindsey. Rep. Ben Ray Luján Elected Assistant Democratic Leader. Roll Call. November 28, 2018 [December 7, 2018]. (原始内容存档于2018-11-29) (英语). 
  11. ^ McPherson, Lindsey. Hakeem Jeffries Wins Democratic Caucus Chair Race Against Barbara Lee. Roll Call. November 28, 2018 [December 7, 2018]. (原始内容存档于2018-11-28) (英语). 
  12. ^ McPherson, Lindsey. Katherine Clark Elected House Democratic Caucus Vice Chair. Roll Call. November 29, 2018 [December 7, 2018]. (原始内容存档于2018-12-09) (英语). 
  13. ^ Pathé, Simone. Cheri Bustos Elected DCCC Chair. Roll Call. November 29, 2018 [December 7, 2018]. (原始内容存档于2018-12-09) (英语). 
  14. ^ 14.0 14.1 14.2 McPherson, Lindsey. House Democrats’ New Elected Leadership Team Is More Progressive and Diverse. Roll Call. December 4, 2018 [December 7, 2018]. (原始内容存档于2018-12-05) (英语). 
  15. ^ 15.0 15.1 15.2 DeGette dropped from chief deputy whip spot. [2018-12-13]. (原始内容存档于2018-12-14). 
  16. ^ 16.0 16.1 16.2 16.3 16.4 16.5 16.6 Roll Call Staff. Here’s the List of House Republican Leaders for the Next Congress. Roll Call. November 14, 2018 [December 6, 2018]. (原始内容存档于2018-12-06). 
  17. ^ McPherson, Lindsey. Scalise Appoints Rep. Drew Ferguson as House GOP’s Chief Deputy Whip. Roll Call. November 27, 2018 [December 6, 2018]. (原始内容存档于2018-11-28). 

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