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US Net International Investment Position

The difference between a country's external financial assets and liabilities is its net international investment position (NIIP).[1] A country's external debt includes both its government debt and private debt, and similarly its public and privately held (by its legal residents) external assets are also taken into account when calculating its NIIP.[2] Note that commodities, as well as currencies tend to follow cyclical patterns, whereby they undergo significant valuation changes, of which is reflected in NIIP.

A country's international investment position (IIP) is a financial statement setting out the value and composition of that country's external financial assets and liabilities. A positive NIIP value indicates a nation is a creditor nation, while a negative value indicates it is a debtor nation. The USA, as recently as 1960 the world's largest creditor, has now become the world's largest debtor, and since the 1980s, Japan has replaced USA as the world's largest creditor nation.

List of countries and Regions by net international investment position编辑

Countries and Regions Date GDP Date NIIP Date NIIP in % GDP
  香港 2014 2,253.000 bil. HK$ 2014 +6,398.765 bil. HK$ 2014 +284.0[3]
  新加坡 2014 390.089 bil. S$[4] 2014 +710.039 bil. S$[5] 2014 +182.0
  挪威 2014 3,149.681 bil. kr[6] 2014 +5,383.157 bil. kr[6] 2014 +170.9
  臺灣 2010 430.580 bil. $[7] 2010 +659.915 bil. $[8] 2010 +153.3
  瑞士 2014 642.256 bil. CHF[9] 2014 +768.343 bil. CHF[10] 2014 +119.6
  沙烏地阿拉伯 2014 2,798.432 bil. sr[11] 2014 +2,982.164 bil. sr[12] 2014 +106.6
  日本 2014 490,599.000 bil. ¥[13] 2014 +366,856.000 bil. ¥[14] 2014 +74.8
  荷蘭 2014 662.770 bil. [15] 2014 +421.278 bil. [16] 2014 +64.3[17]
  比利時 2014 402.027 bil. [15] 2014 +199.930 bil. [16] 2014 +49.7[17]
  馬爾他 2014 7.912 bil. [15] 2014 +3.544 bil. [16] 2014 +44.5[17]
  卢森堡 2014 49.243 bil. [15] 2014 +20.761 bil. [16] 2014 +42.0[17]
  丹麥 2014 1,919.192 bil. kr[18] 2013 +728.010 bil. kr[16] 2013 +38.5[17]
  德國 2014 2,903.790 bil. [15] 2014 +1,055.879 bil. [16] 2014 +36.4[17]
  委內瑞拉 2014 509.964 bil. $[19] 2014(Q3) +155.667 bil. $[20] 2014 +30.5
  以色列 2014 304.226 bil. $[19] 2014 +64.700 bil. $[21] 2014 +21.3
  中华人民共和国 2014 10,360.105 bil.$[22] 2014 1,776.400 bil. $[23] 2014 +17.1
  俄羅斯 2014 1,860.598 bil. $[19] 2014 +310.980 bil. $[24] 2014 +16.7
  阿根廷 2014 540.197 bil. $[19] 2014 +76.821 bil. $[25] 2014 +14.2
  奈及利亞 2014 568.508 bil. $[19] 2014 +60.459 bil. $[26] 2014 +10.6
  韩国 2014 1,410.383 bil. $[19] 2014 +134.200 bil. $[27] 2015 +9.5
  加拿大 2014 1,991.596 bil. CAD[28] 2014 +137.173 bil.CAD[29] 2014 +6.9
  奥地利 2014 329.296 bil. [15] 2014 +8.669 bil. [16] 2014 +2.6[17]
  芬兰 2014 205.178 bil. [15] 2014 +0.831 bil. [16] 2014 +0.4[17]
  瑞典 2014 3,914.704 bil. kr[18] 2014 -13.393 bil. kr[16] 2014 −0.3[17]
   Eurozone 2014 10,103.473 bil. [15] 2014 -1,285.600 bil. [30] 2014 −12.7[30]
  智利 2014 258.062 bil. $[19] 2014 -35.651 bil. $[31] 2014 −13.8
  菲律賓 2014 284.582 bil. $[19] 2014 -40.700 bil. $[32] 2014 −14.3
  哈萨克斯坦 2014 231.876 bil. $[19] 2014 -35.201 bil. $[33] 2014 −15.2
  印度 2014 2,066.902 bil. $[19] 2014 -353.674 bil. $[34] 2014 −17.1
  法國 2014 2,132.449 bil. [15] 2014 -418.373 bil. [16] 2014 −19.5[17]
  英國 2014 1,791.934 bil. £[18] 2014 -444.537 bil. £[16] 2014 −24.8[17]
  義大利 2014 1616.254 bil. [15] 2014 -447.864 bil. [16] 2014 −27.7[17]
  巴西 2014 2,346.118 bil. $[19] 2014 -776.537 bil. $[35] 2014 −33.1
  墨西哥 2014 1,282.720 bil. $[19] 2014 -426.553 bil. $[36] 2014 −33.3
  捷克 2014 4,260.886 CZK[18] 2014 -1,520.244 bil. CZK[16] 2014 −35.6[17]
  美國 2014 17,703.700 bil. $[37] 2014 -7,019.700 bil. $[38] 2014 −39.7
  爱沙尼亚 2014 19.525 bil. [15] 2014 -8.520 bil. [16] 2014 −43.6[17]
  斯洛維尼亞 2014 37.246 bil. [15] 2014 -16.259 bil. [16] 2014 −43.7[17]
  立陶宛 2014 36.309 bil. [15] 2014 -16.046 bil. [16] 2014 −44.2[17]
  印尼 2014 888.538 bil. $[19] 2014 -419.770 bil. $[39] 2014 −47.2
  土耳其 2014 799.534 bil. $[19] 2014 -437.029 bil. $[40] 2014 −54.7
  澳大利亚 2014 1,558.586 bil A$[41] 2014 -866.700 bil. $A[42] 2014 −55.6
  羅馬尼亞 2014 666.637 bil. RON[18] 2014 -382.594 bil. RON[16] 2014 −57.1[17]
  拉脫維亞 2014 24.060 bil. [15] 2014 -14.730 bil.[16] 2014 −61.2[17]
  新西蘭 2013 237.769 bil. NZ$[43] 2014 -154.592 bil. NZ$[44] 2014 −65.
  波蘭 2014 1,728.676 bil. zl[18] 2014 -1,162.792 bil. zl[16] 2014 −67.4[17]
  斯洛伐克 2014 75.215 bil. [15] 2014 -52.654 bil. [16] 2014 −70.[17]
  保加利亚 2014 82.164 bil. BGN[18] 2014 -59.429 bil. BGN[16] 2014 −72.3[17]
  匈牙利 2014 31,863.969 bil.HUF[18] 2014 -23,929.899 bil.HUF[16] 2014 −75.[17]
  克罗地亚 2014 -328.927 bil. HRK[18] 2014 -291.495 bil. HRK[16] 2014 −88.6[17]
  西班牙 2014 1058.469 bil. [15] 2014 -999.948 bil. [16] 2014 −94.5[17]
  爱尔兰 2014 185.412 bil. [15] 2014 -197.878 bil. [16] 2014 −106.7[17]
  葡萄牙 2014 173.044 bil. [15] 2014 -193.075 bil. [16] 2014 −111.6[17]
  希臘 2014 179.081 bil. [15] 2014 -218.273 bil. [16] 2014 −121.9[17]
  賽普勒斯 2014 17.506 bil. [15] 2014 -28.899 bil. [16] 2014 −165.1[17]
  冰島 2014 1,993.336 bil. kr[45] 2014 -7,936.987 bil. kr[46] 2014 −398.2[47]

Net International Investment Position in absolute terms; OECD Countries, 2013编辑

Country NIIP 2013 (Million USD)[48]
  澳大利亚 -743,491.296
  奥地利 -801.215
  比利時 225,394.507
  加拿大 21,369.646
  智利 -39,232.601
  捷克 -83,668.991
  丹麥 134,386.857
  爱沙尼亚 -12,172.412
  芬兰 40,386.115
  法國 -433,000.527
  德國 1,660,000.721
  希臘 -303,565.639
  匈牙利 -116,826.028
  冰島 -65,738.588
  爱尔兰 -238,602.533
  以色列 62,603.906
  義大利 -643,874.027
  日本 3,086,000.434
  韩国 -37,239.813
  卢森堡 134,864.862
  墨西哥 -499,229.861
  荷蘭 377,108.478
  新西蘭 -119,321.523
  挪威 644,904.335
  波蘭 -375,092.140
  葡萄牙 -272,246.862
  斯洛伐克 -65,279.296
  斯洛維尼亞 -19,038.284
  西班牙 -1,389,621.918
  瑞典 -107,907.116
  瑞士 839,137.307
  土耳其 -394,232.765
  英國 -68,000.013
  美國 -5,382,000.997

See also编辑

References编辑

  1. ^ Bivens, L. Josh. Debt and the dollar: The United States damages future living standards by borrowing itself into a deceptively deep hole. Epinet.org. December 14, 2004 [2009-06-28]. 
  2. ^ Ministry of Economic and Finance of Argentina International Investment Position Methodology page.1
  3. ^ Census and Statistics Department Hongkong International Investment Position at Year-End 2014
  4. ^ Singapore Statistical Office Singapore, GDP 2014 at current prices, in national currency
  5. ^ Singapore Official Statistics Economic and Financial Data for Singapore
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 Statistics Norway GDP National Accounts, current 引用错误:带有name属性“ssb.no”的<ref>标签用不同内容定义了多次
  7. ^ IMF World Economic Outlook Database, April 2011 Taiwan Province of China, GDP 2010 at current prices, in US$
  8. ^ Central Bank of the Republic of China International Investment Position (End-Period-Stocks) page. 1
  9. ^ BFS Gross Domestic Product (GDP) - Data, indicators, March 2015 Switzerland, GDP 2014 at current prices, in national currency
  10. ^ Swiss National Bank [1] Balance of Payments and International Investment Position
  11. ^ Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency National Accounts, current GDP in Riyal
  12. ^ Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency International Investment Position, 2014 (preliminary)
  13. ^ Bank of Japan [2] Japan, GDP at current prices, in national currency, p. 41
  14. ^ Bank of Japan [3] Japan’s International Investment Position at Year-End 2014
  15. ^ 15.00 15.01 15.02 15.03 15.04 15.05 15.06 15.07 15.08 15.09 15.10 15.11 15.12 15.13 15.14 15.15 15.16 15.17 15.18 15.19 Eurostat [4] GDP at market prices
  16. ^ 16.00 16.01 16.02 16.03 16.04 16.05 16.06 16.07 16.08 16.09 16.10 16.11 16.12 16.13 16.14 16.15 16.16 16.17 16.18 16.19 16.20 16.21 16.22 16.23 16.24 16.25 16.26 16.27 Net international investment position in national currency units - annual data; code: tipsii10. Eurostat. [August 27, 2015].  引用错误:带有name属性“EurostatNIIP”的<ref>标签用不同内容定义了多次
  17. ^ 17.00 17.01 17.02 17.03 17.04 17.05 17.06 17.07 17.08 17.09 17.10 17.11 17.12 17.13 17.14 17.15 17.16 17.17 17.18 17.19 17.20 17.21 17.22 17.23 17.24 17.25 17.26 17.27 Net international investment position in % of GDP - annual data; code: tipsii10. Eurostat. [August 27, 2015]. 
  18. ^ 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 18.4 18.5 18.6 18.7 18.8 Eurostat GDP in national currency [5] UK, GDP 2014 at current prices
  19. ^ 19.00 19.01 19.02 19.03 19.04 19.05 19.06 19.07 19.08 19.09 19.10 19.11 19.12 19.13 World Bank [6] World Development Indicators
  20. ^ Banco de Venezuela [www.bcv.org.ve/Upload/Comunicados/aviso301214.pdf Resultados de la Economía durante el año 2014 ]
  21. ^ Bank of Israel International Investment Position (IIP) – End of 2014
  22. ^ World Bank [7] World Development Indicators: Figures exclude Taiwan, and special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
  23. ^ State Administration of Foreign Exchange, China [8] The time-series data of International Investment Position of China
  24. ^ Central Bank of Russia
  25. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Censos Posición de Inversión International Argentina
  26. ^ Central Bank of Nigeria 2014 Statictical bulletin - External Sector Statistics (table D 2.2.2)
  27. ^ Bank of Korea(BOK)International Investment Position(End of Jun 2015).pdf
  28. ^ http://www.statcan.gc.ca/tables-tableaux/sum-som/l01/cst01/dsbbcan-eng.htm: "Canada's Gross Domestic Product, 2014, current prices"]
  29. ^ "Canada's net international investment position"
  30. ^ 30.0 30.1 European Central Bank International investment position of the euro area
  31. ^ Banco Central de Chile Statistics Database External Sector -> IIP by institutional sector
  32. ^ Philstar International Investment Position
  33. ^ The National Bank of Kazakhstan [9] accessed: August 27.2015
  34. ^ Reserve Bank of India International Investment Position: External Assets and Liabilities at the End of 2014
  35. ^ Banco Central do Brasil Historical Series of the International Investment Position
  36. ^ National Banco de México International Investment Position Final Position 2014
  37. ^ Department of Commerce – Bureau of Economic Analysis [10] US, GDP at current prices, in US$
  38. ^ Department of Commerce – Bureau of Economic Analysis U.S. Net International Investment Position at Yearend 2014
  39. ^ Indunesia's International Investment Position
  40. ^ Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey International Investment Position Turkey
  41. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics - Key Economic Indicators, Table 36
  42. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics - Balance of Payments and International Investment Position, Australia
  43. ^ Reserve Bank of New Zealand [11] Economic Indivators GDP at current prices Q1-Q42014, in national currency
  44. ^ Reserve Bank of New Zealand Balance Of Payments and International Investment Position: Q4 2014 Net IIP at 31 December 2014
  45. ^ Statisics Iceland
  46. ^ Central Bank of Iceland
  47. ^ Central Bank of Iceland [12] As of Q1 2015 Excluding the financial institutions undergoing winding-up proceedings, assets totalled 4,042 b.kr. and liabilities 4,031 b.kr., yielding a positive net balance of 12 b.kr. Net liabilities declined by 122 b.kr. between quarters.
  48. ^ IMF Balance of Payments Statistics. [April 12, 2015]. 

External links编辑