哲學家（英語：Philosopher），智識的愛好者（lover of wisdom），對事物懷抱興趣，擁有廣泛的知識，並且能夠利用這些知識來解決特定的問題。
- Clement Clement of Alexandria "The Stromata, or Miscellanies" Book I, Chapter XV （页面存档备份，存于互联网档案馆）
- Viglas, Katelis. Chaldean and Neo-Platonic Theology. Philosophia E-Journal of Philosophy and Culture. 2016, (14): 171–189 [2021-06-10]. （原始内容存档于2021-06-09）.
The name Chaldeans refers generally to the Chaldean people who lived in the land of Babylonia, and especially to the Chaldean magi of Babylon......The Chaldeans were the guardians of the sacred science: the astrological knowledge and the divination mixed with religion and magic. They were considered the last representatives of the Babylonian sages......In Classical Antiquity, the name Chaldeans primarily stood for the priests of the Babylonian temples. In Hellenistic times, the term Chaldeos was synonymous with the words mathematician and astrologer.