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巴斯克民族主义党

巴斯克民族主义党(巴斯克语:Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea;西班牙语:Partido Nacionalista Vasco),西班牙中間偏右政党,主张巴斯克民族主义[12]

巴斯克民族主义党
Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea (Basque)
Partido Nacionalista Vasco (Spanish)
Parti Nationaliste Basque (French)
主席 Andoni Ortuzar
创始人 Sabino Arana
成立 1895年 (1895)
总部 Sabin Etxea, Ibáñez de Bilbao, 16
毕尔巴鄂
青年组织 Euzko Gaztedi
意识形态 巴斯克民族主義[1][2][3][4]
歐洲聯邦主義[5]
公民民族主義
區域主義[6]
基督教民主主義[4][7]
保守主义[8]
保守自由主義[9]
政治立场 中間偏右[10]
欧洲组织 歐洲民主黨
国际组织 None, previously 民主主義者聯盟[11]
欧洲议会党团 歐洲復興
官方色彩 Red
Green
White
眾議院
5 / 18
參議院
6 / 15
欧洲议会
1 / 54
巴斯克議會
28 / 75
納瓦拉議會
4 / 50
Inside Geroa Bai
Juntas Generales
54 / 153
巴斯克自治區鎮議員
1,017 / 2,628
官方网站
www.eaj-pnv.eus
Spain政治
政党 · 选举

歷史编辑

巴斯克民族主义党成立于1895年,是巴斯克民族主义政党团体中规模最大,历史最悠久的组织。该党是巴斯克自治区最大的政党。

選舉結果编辑

巴斯克编辑

巴斯克議會
選舉 得票 % 排名 席次 +/– 領袖 地位
1980 349,102 38.0 1st
25 / 60
Carlos Garaikoetxea 政府
1984 451,178 41.8 1st
32 / 75
 7 Carlos Garaikoetxea 政府
1986 271,208 23.6 1st
17 / 75
 15 José Antonio Ardanza 政府
1990 289,701 28.3 1st
22 / 75
 5 José Antonio Ardanza Government
1994 304,346 29.3 1st
22 / 75
 0 José Antonio Ardanza Government
1998 350,322 27.6 1st
21 / 75
 1 Juan José Ibarretxe Government
2001 w. PNV–EA
26 / 75
 5 Juan José Ibarretxe Government
2005 w. PNV–EA
21 / 75
 5 Juan José Ibarretxe Government
2009 399,600 38.1 1st
30 / 75
 9 Juan José Ibarretxe Opposition
2012 384,766 34.2 1st
27 / 75
 3 Iñigo Urkullu Government
2016 398,168 37.4 1st
28 / 75
 1 Iñigo Urkullu Government

納瓦拉编辑

納瓦拉議會
選舉 得票 % 排名 席次 +/– 領袖 地位
1979 w. Basque Nationalists
2 / 70
Carlos Garaikoetxea Opposition
1983 18,161 6.8 5th
3 / 50
 1 Ignacio Cabases Opposition
1987 2,661 0.9 11th
0 / 50
 3 No seats
1991 3,071 1.1 10th
0 / 50
 0 No seats
1995 2,943 1.0 8th
0 / 50
 0 No seats
1999 w. EA–PNV
0 / 50
 0 No seats
2003 w. EA–PNV
1 / 50
 1 Opposition
2007 w. Nafarroa Bai
1 / 50
 0 Opposition
2011 w. Nafarroa Bai 2011
1 / 50
 0 Opposition
2015 w. Geroa Bai
4 / 50
 3 Government

國家编辑

Cortes Generales
Election Congress Senate Status
Vote % Score Seats +/– Seats +/–
1977 314,272 1.7 8th
8 / 350
6 / 207
Opposition
1979 296,597 1.6 8th
7 / 350
 1
8 / 208
 2 Opposition
1982 395,656 1.9 7th
8 / 350
 1
7 / 208
 1 Opposition
1986 309,610 1.5 6th
6 / 350
 2
7 / 208
 0 Opposition
1989 254,681 1.2 6th
5 / 350
 1
4 / 208
 3 Opposition
1993 291,448 1.2 6th
5 / 350
 0
3 / 208
 1 Opposition
1996 318,951 1.3 5th
5 / 350
 0
4 / 208
 1 Opposition
2000 353,953 1.5 5th
7 / 350
 2
6 / 208
 2 Opposition
2004 420,980 1.6 6th
7 / 350
 0
6 / 208
 0 Opposition
2008 306,128 1.2 5th
6 / 350
 1
2 / 208
 4 Opposition
2011 324,317 1.3 7th
5 / 350
 1
4 / 208
 2 Opposition
2015 302,316 1.2 8th
6 / 350
 1
6 / 208
 2 Opposition
2016 287,014 1.2 7th
5 / 350
 1
5 / 208
 1 Opposition
2019 (Apr) 394,627 1.5 8th
6 / 350
 1
9 / 208
 4 Opposition
2019 (Nov) 377,423 1.6 9th
6 / 350
 0
9 / 208
 0 TBD
Election Basque Country Navarre
Congress Senate Congress Senate
Vote % Score Seats +/– Seats +/– Vote % Score Seats +/– Seats +/–
1977 296,193 29.3 1st
8 / 21
6 / 12
w. Navarrese
Autonomist Union
0 / 5
0 / 4
1979 275,292 27.6 1st
7 / 21
 1
8 / 12
 2 21,305 8.4 5th
0 / 5
 0
0 / 4
 0
1982 379,293 31.7 1st
8 / 21
 1
7 / 12
 1 16,363 5.5 5th
0 / 5
 0
0 / 4
 0
1986 304,675 27.8 1st
6 / 21
 2
7 / 12
 0 4,935 1.8 7th
0 / 5
 0
0 / 4
 0
1989 252,119 22.8 1st
5 / 21
 1
4 / 12
 3 2,562 0.9 8th
0 / 5
 0
0 / 4
 0
1993 287,908 24.1 2nd
5 / 19
 0
3 / 12
 1 3,540 1.1 8th
0 / 5
 0
0 / 4
 0
1996 315,793 25.0 1st
5 / 19
 0
4 / 12
 1 3,158 1.0 7th
0 / 5
 0
0 / 4
 0
2000 347,417 30.4 1st
7 / 19
 2
6 / 12
 2 6,536 2.2 6th
0 / 5
 0
0 / 4
 0
2004 420,980 33.7 1st
7 / 19
 0
6 / 12
 0 w. Nafarroa Bai
0 / 5
 0
0 / 4
 0
2008 306,128 27.1 2nd
6 / 18
 1
2 / 12
 4 w. Nafarroa Bai
0 / 5
 0
0 / 4
 0
2011 324,317 27.4 1st
5 / 18
 1
4 / 12
 2 w. Geroa Bai
0 / 5
 0
0 / 4
 0
2015 302,316 24.7 2nd
6 / 18
 1
6 / 12
 2 w. Cambio-Aldaketa
0 / 5
 0
0 / 4
 0
2016 287,014 24.9 2nd
5 / 18
 1
5 / 12
 1 w. Geroa Bai
0 / 5
 0
0 / 4
 0
2019 (Apr) 394,627 31.1 1st
6 / 18
 1
9 / 12
 4 w. Cambio-Aldaketa
0 / 5
 0
0 / 4
 0
2019 (Nov) 377,423 32.1 1st
6 / 18
 0
9 / 12
 0 w. Cambio-Aldaketa
0 / 5
 0
0 / 4
 0

参考资料编辑

  1. ^ Ahedo, Igor, Political parties in the Basque autonomous community, Basque Society: Structures, Institutions, And Contemporary Life (Center for Basque Studies), 2005: 177 
  2. ^ Ramiro, Luis; Morales, Laura, European integration and Spanish parties: Elite empowerment amidst limited adaptation, The Europeanization of National Political Parties: Power and organizational adaptation (Routledge), 2007: 145 
  3. ^ Pallarés, Francesc; Keating, Michael, Multi-level electoral competition: sub-state elections and party systems in Spain, Devolution and electoral politics (Manchester University Press), 2006: 101 
  4. ^ 4.0 4.1 Gibbons 1999, p. 25: «the PNV, a Basque nationalist and Christian democratic party»
  5. ^ El PNV aboga por una Europa federal sin Estados-Nación. 24 March 2013 [15 January 2018] (西班牙语). 
  6. ^ Magone, José M., Contemporary Spanish Politics Second, Routledge: 170, 2009 
  7. ^ Papini, Roberto, The Identity of the Christian Democratic Movement and Theory of Democracy, Religion, the Enlightenment, and the New Global Order (Columbia University Press), 2010: 259 
    Keating, Michael, Nationalist Movements in Comparative Perspective, The Modern SNP: From Protest to Power (Edinburgh University Press), 2009: 208 
  8. ^ Basabe Lloréns, Felipe, Spain: the emergence of a new major actor in the European arena, Fifteen Into One?: The European Union and Its Member States (Manchester University Press), 2003: 207 
    Irvin, Cynthia L., Negotiating End Games: A Comparative Analysis of the IRA and ETA, Reconcilable Differences: Turning Points in Ethnopolitical Conflict (Kumarian Press), 2000: 191 
    Newton, Michael T., Institutions of Modern Spain: A Political and Economic Guide, Cambridge University Press: 207, 1997 
  9. ^ Hans Slomp. Europe, A Political Profile: An American Companion to European Politics [2 volumes]: An American Companion to European Politics. ABC-CLIO. 26 September 2011: 519. ISBN 978-0-313-39182-8. 
  10. ^ Mateos, Araceli; Penadés, Alberto. España: crisis y recortes (pdf). Revista de ciencia política (Santiago). 2013, 33 (1): 175 [January 4, 2016]. ISSN 0718-090X (西班牙语). Convergencia i Unió (CiU) y el Partido Nacionalista Vasco (PNV-EAJ) son los partidos nacionalistas de centro-derecha en Cataluña y el País Vasco, respectivamente 
  11. ^ Nuñez, Xosé-Manoel, A State of Many Nations: The Construction of a Plural Spanish Society since 1976, The Social Construction of Diversity (Berghahn Books), 2003: 287 
    Keating, Michael; Loughlin, John; Deschouwer, Kris, Culture, Institutions, and Economic Development: A Study of Eight European Regions, Edward Elgar Publishing: 55, 2003 
  12. ^ 存档副本 (PDF). [2017-09-04]. (原始内容 (PDF)存档于2016-03-04). 

參考書目编辑

外部連結编辑