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斯高斯Scouse),又稱利物浦英語Liverpool English[1]默西賽德英語Merseyside English[2][3][4]是主要通行於英國默西賽德都會區的英語方言,且在威爾斯、柴郡、蘭開夏郡的部分地區也有使用[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]。斯高斯方言非常獨特,和鄰近的柴郡及蘭開夏郡方言幾乎沒有共同之處[8]

參考資料编辑

  1. ^ Watson (2007:351–360)
  2. ^ Collins, Beverley S.; Mees, Inger M., Practical Phonetics and Phonology: A Resource Book for Students 3rd, Routledge: 193–194, 2013 [First published 2003], ISBN 978-0-415-50650-2 
  3. ^ Coupland, Nikolas; Thomas, Alan R. (编), English in Wales: Diversity, Conflict, and Change, Multilingual Matters Ltd., 1990, ISBN 1-85359-032-0 
  4. ^ Howard, Jackson; Stockwell, Peter, An Introduction to the Nature and Functions of Language 2nd, Continuum International Publishing Group: 172, 2011, ISBN 978-1-4411-4373-0 
  5. ^ Julie Henry. Scouse twang spreads beyond Merseyside. The Telegraph. 30 March 2008. 
  6. ^ Geordie and Scouse accents on the rise as Britons 'look to protect their sense of identity'. Daily Mail. 4 January 2010. 
  7. ^ Nick Coligan. Scouse accent defying experts and 'evolving'. Liverpool Echo. 29 March 2008. 
  8. ^ 8.0 8.1 Dominic Tobin and Jonathan Leake. Regional accents thrive against the odds in Britain. The Sunday Times. 3 January 2010. 
  9. ^ Chris Osuh. Scouse accent on the move. Manchester Evening News. 31 March 2008. 
  10. ^ Patrick Honeybone. New-dialect formation in nineteenth century Liverpool: a brief history of Scouse (PDF). Open House Press. 
  11. ^ Richard Savill. British regional accents 'still thriving'. The Telegraph. 3 January 2010. 
  12. ^ John Mullan. Lost Voices. The Guardian. 18 June 1999. 

外部連結编辑

  • Sounds Familiar: Birkenhead (Scouse) – Listen to examples of Scouse and other regional accents and dialects of the UK on the British Library's 'Sounds Familiar' website
  • 'Hover & Hear' Scouse pronunciations, and compare with other accents from the UK and around the World.
  • Sound map – Accents & dialects in Accents & Dialects, British Library.
  • BBC – Liverpool Local History – Learn to speak Scouse!
  • A. B. Z. of Scouse (Lern Yerself Scouse) (ISBN 0-901367-03-6)
  • IANA registration form for the en-scouse tag
  • IETF RFC 4646 – Tags for Identifying Languages (2006)
  • Dialect Poems from the English regions
  • Visit Liverpool The official tourist board website to Liverpool
  • A Scouser in New York A syndicated on-air segment that airs on Bolton FM Radio during Kev Gurney's show (7pm to 10 pm – Saturdays) and Magic 999 during Roy Basnett's Breakfast (6am to 10 am – Monday thru Friday).