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武装中立(英語:Armed neutrality),在国际政治中,指一个主权国或一个国家集团,在战争中不支持任何一方,並声称将抵御任何入侵的做法[1]。著名的武装中立國包括瑞士瑞典,他们在整个第一次世界大战第二次世界大战中維持武装中立[2]

「武装中立」有时也指「武装中立联盟」,1780年叶卡捷琳娜二世组织了第一次武装中立联盟,以在美国独立战争中保护中立国船只[3]第二次武装中立联盟則出現在法国大革命战争[4]第三次武装中立联盟曾有機會在美国内战時期成立,但並从未真正实现[5]

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  1. ^ Oppenheim, International Law: War and Neutrality, 1906, p. 325.
  2. ^ Bissell and Gasteyger, The Missing link: West European Neutrals and Regional Security, 1990, p. 117; Murdoch and Sandler, "Swedish Military Expenditures and Armed Neutrality," in The Economics of Defence Spending, 1990, p. 148-149.
  3. ^ See, generally, Scott, The Armed Neutralities of 1780 and 1800: A Collection of Official Documents Preceded by the Views of Representative Publicists, 1918; Karsh, Neutrality and Small States, 1988, p. 16-17; Jones, Crucible of Power: A History of American Foreign Relations to 1913, 2009, p. 15-17.
  4. ^ See, generally, Scott, The Armed Neutralities of 1780 and 1800: A Collection of Official Documents Preceded by the Views of Representative Publicists, 1918; Karsh, Neutrality and Small States, 1988, p. 17.
  5. ^ Bienstock, The Struggle for the Pacific, 2007, p. 150.