波菲利 (哲學家)

(重定向自波菲利

波菲利希腊语Πορφύριος,轉寫:Porphýrios;阿拉伯语:فرفوريوس‎,轉寫:Furfūriyūs;讀音:/ˈpɔːrfɪri/;约234年-约305年)是在罗马统治期间出生在泰尔新柏拉图哲学家。[a]

波菲利
Porphyry.jpg
出生234年
逝世305年
著名思想
波菲利之树, 对基督教的批评, 素食主義

他撰写了涉及许多主题的作品,涵蓋音乐、荷马以及素食主义[b]他编辑并出版了《九章集英语The Enneads》,这是有關他的老师普罗提诺著作的唯一合集。他对欧几里得几何原本评论曾被帕普斯引用[1]。他的著作Isagoge英语Isagoge中世纪被認為是逻辑学哲学的入门书和教科書,[c]並被翻譯成拉丁语阿拉伯语[2][3]波菲利是一名反基督教人士,著有《Philosophy from Oracles》和《反對基督徒》(Against the Christians) 等反基督教著作。《反對基督徒》後來甚至被君士坦丁大帝所取缔[4]

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脚注编辑

  1. ^ For Porphyry's dates, place of birth and philosophical school, see Barker 2003,第1226–1227页. Sarton 1936,第429–430页 identifies Transjordania as Porphyry's place of birth.
  2. ^ For a comprehensive list see Beutler (1894–1980); Guthrie 1988,第91页 provides another list
  3. ^ Barnes 2003,第xv页 clarifies that the Isagoge "[was] not an Introduction to the Categories, rather "[since it was] an introduction to the study of logic, [it] was... an introduction to philosophy--and hence accidentally an introduction to the Categories."

引文编辑

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更多阅读编辑

  • Bidez, J. (1913). Vie de Porphyre. Ghent.
  • Clark, Gillian, "Porphyry of Tyre on the New Barbarians," in R. Miles (ed), Constructing Identities in Late Antiquity (London: Routledge, 1999), 112–132; = in Eadem, Body and Gender, Soul and Reason in Late Antiquity (Farnham; Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2011) (Variorum collected studies series, CS978), art. XIV.
  • Clark, Gillian, "Philosophic Lives and the philosophic life: Porphyry and Iamblichus," in T. Hägg and P. Rousseau (eds), Greek Biography and Panegyric in Late Antiquity (Berkeley and Los Angeles, University of California Press, 2000), 29–51; = in Eadem, Body and Gender, Soul and Reason in Late Antiquity (Farnham; Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2011) (Variorum collected studies series, CS978), art. XV.
  • Clark, Gillian, "Fattening the soul: Christian asceticism and Porphyry On Abstinence," Studia Patristica, 35, 2001, 41-51; = in Eadem, Body and Gender, Soul and Reason in Late Antiquity (Farnham; Burlington, VT, Ashgate, 2011) (Variorum collected studies series, CS978), art. XVI.
  • Emilsson, E., "Porphyry". Retrieved April 19, 2009.
  • Iamblichus: De mysteriis. Translated with an Introduction and Notes by Emma C. Clarke, John M. Dillon and Jackson P. Hershbell (Society of Biblical Literature; 2003) ISBN 1-58983-058-X.
  • Girgenti, G. (1987) Porfirio negli ultimi cinquant'anni: bibliografia sistematica e ragionata della letteratura primaria e secondaria riguardante il pensiero porfiriano e i suoi influssi storici Milan.
  • Smith, Andrew (1987) Porphyrian Studies since 1913, in W. Haase, ed., Aufstieg und Niedergang der Römischen Welt II.36.2, pp. 717–773.
  • Smith, Andrew (1974) Porphyry's Place in the Neoplatonic Tradition. A Study in post-Plotinian Neoplatonism, The Hague, Nijhoff.
  • Zuiddam, B. A. "Old Critics and Modern Theology," Dutch Reformed Theological Journal (South Africa), xxxvi, 1995, No. 2.

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