緊縮型頭痛

緊縮型頭痛,也稱為壓力型頭痛緊張型頭痛,是最常見的原發性頭痛類型。疼痛可以從頭部的下背部、頸部、眼睛或身體的其他肌肉群放射,通常會影響頭部的兩側。緊縮型頭痛佔所有頭痛的近90%。

緊縮型頭痛
同义词壓力型頭痛、緊張型頭痛
Tension-headache.jpg
相似疾病或共病偏頭痛
醫學專科神經內科

止痛藥,如阿司匹林布洛芬,可有效治療緊縮型頭痛[1][2]三環類抗抑鬱藥則一般用於預防[3]

截至2016年,緊縮型頭痛影響約18.9億人,女性比男性更常見(分別為23%比及18%)[4]

參考文獻编辑

  1. ^ Derry S, Wiffen PJ, Moore RA, Bendtsen L. Ibuprofen for acute treatment of episodic tension-type headache in adults. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. July 2015, 7 (7): CD011474. PMC 6457940 . PMID 26230487. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD011474.pub2. 
  2. ^ Loder E, Rizzoli P. Tension-type headache. BMJ. January 2008, 336 (7635): 88–92. PMC 2190284 . PMID 18187725. doi:10.1136/bmj.39412.705868.AD. 
  3. ^ Jackson JL, Shimeall W, Sessums L, Dezee KJ, Becher D, Diemer M, Berbano E, O'Malley PG. Tricyclic antidepressants and headaches: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ. October 2010, 341: c5222. PMC 2958257 . PMID 20961988. doi:10.1136/bmj.c5222. 
  4. ^ Vos T, Flaxman AD, Naghavi M, Lozano R, Michaud C, Ezzati M, et al. Years lived with disability (YLDs) for 1160 sequelae of 289 diseases and injuries 1990-2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet. December 2012, 380 (9859): 2163–96. PMC 6350784 . PMID 23245607. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61729-2. 

外部連結编辑