蝾螺属

蝾螺属(学名:Turbo)是一種大型海螺,其物種舊屬原始腹足目,是一類有着口蓋海洋腹足綱軟體動物系統分類學上是是蝾螺科的成員,也是這個科的模式屬[3]

蠑螺屬Infobox info icon2.svg
Turbo marmoratus light 2.jpg
從不同角度觀看一隻夜光蠑螺Turbo marmoratus)的外殼
科学分类 编辑
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 軟體動物門 Mollusca
纲: 腹足纲 Gastropoda
亚纲: 古腹足亞綱 Vetigastropoda
目: 鐘螺目 Trochida
总科: 鐘螺總科 Trochoidea
科: 蠑螺科 Turbinidae
亚科: 蠑螺亞科 Turbininae
属: 蠑螺屬 Turbo
Linnaeus, 1758[1][2]
模式種
Turbo petholatus Linnaeus, 1758
異名[3]
  • Dinassovica Iredale, 1937
  • Fornax Jousseaume, 1888 (invalid: junior homonym of Fornax Laporte, 1835 [Coleoptera])
  • Halopsephus Rehder, 1943
  • Laeviturbo Cossmann, 1918
  • Lunatica Röding, 1798
  • Turbo (Aspilaturbo) S.T. Williams, 2008
  • Turbo (Batillus) Schumacher, 1817
  • Turbo (Callopoma) Gray, 1850
  • Turbo (Carswellena) Iredale, 1931
  • Turbo (Chaenoturbo) McLean, 1970
  • Turbo (Dinassovica) Iredale, 1937
  • Turbo (Emilioturbo) Ortea & Espinosa, 1996
  • Turbo (Euninella) Cotton, 1939
  • Turbo (Halopsephus) Rehder, 1943
  • Turbo (Lunatica) Röding, 1798
  • Turbo (Marmarostoma) Swainson, 1829
  • Turbo (Modelia) Gray, 1850
  • Turbo (Ocana) H. Adams, 1861
  • Turbo (Sarmaticus) Gray, 1847
  • Turbo (Senectus) Swainson, 1840
  • Turbo (Turbo) Linnaeus, 1758
  • Varostium Iredale, 1938

主要分布于马来西亚印度尼西亚中国大陆台湾,常栖息在碎砾石海底水深4-20米、潮下带[4]

分類编辑

根據Alf et al. (2003)[5],本屬可以再細分為16個亞屬,總計有66個物種和五個亞屬。

物種编辑

根據WoRMS[3]、Alf et al. (2003)[5]ITIS[6],本屬包括下列各物種:

異名[3]
 
Shell and operculum of Turbo tuberculosus

The following species are nomina nuda (names not published with an adequate description):[3]

  • Turbo curvatus Chiereghini MS, Brusina, 1870 (nomen nudum): accepted as Eulima philippii Weinkauff, 1868

The following species are alternate representation:[3]

  • Turbo setosus Gmelin, 1843 represented as Turbo setosus Gmelin, 1791 (alternate representation)

The following species are nomina dubia (names of unknown or doubtful application):[3]

  • Turbo articulatus Reeve, 1848 (nomen dubium)
  • Turbo concinnus Philippi, 1846 (nomen dubium)
  • Turbo crellenus Linnaeus, 1758 (nomen dubium)
  • Turbo disjunctus Anton, 1838 (nomen dubium)
  • Turbo elegans Philippi, 1846 (nomen dubium)
  • Turbo margaritaceus Linnaeus, 1758 (nomen dubium)
  • Turbo pustulatus Brocchi, 1821 (nomen dubium)
  • Turbo variabilis Reeve, 1842 (nomen dubium)
臨時名稱
  • Turbo geniculatus Brocchi, 1814

參看编辑

参考文献编辑

  1. ^ Linnaeus, Carl. Systema Naturae 10. 1758: 761. 
  2. ^ Linnaeus, Carl. Systema Naturae 12. 1767: 1232. 
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Bouchet, P.; Rosenberg, Gary. Turbo Linnaeus, 1758. WoRMS. 2017-06-06 [2018-01-30]. 
  4. ^ 国际贝库:夜光蝾螺. 台湾贝类资料库. [2009-08-11]. (原始内容存档于2018-10-02). 
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 Alf, A.; Kreipl, K.; Poppe, G. T. The Family Turbinidae, Subfamily Turbininae, Genus Turbo.. Poppe G. T.; Groh K. (编). A Conchological Iconography. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 2003: 68. ISBN 3-925919-27-9 (英语). 
  6. ^ Turbo. ITIS. [2008-11-22]. 
  7. ^ 皇冠蠑螺. 臺灣貝類資料庫世界常見海貝. [2015-02-06]. (原始内容存档于2016-03-04) (中文(繁體)). 

外部連結编辑