補羅斯底耶

補羅斯底耶梵語पुलस्त्य),梵天第四子[1]生主之一[2],也是羅剎族的先祖。他從父親梵天手中繼承了毗濕奴往世書(Vishnu Purana),並將文獻再傳給破滅仙人(Parashara),使其成為人類的先知。

補羅私底耶娶了羯單吉耆(Kardamji)的九位女兒(統稱為訶毗婆呼),生下投山仙人毗尸羅婆(Visravas)(另一種說法稱大神密多羅伐樓拿廣延天女的美色所迷惑,當著她的面把精液射入一隻罐中,從這些精液中生出投山與極裕兩位仙人。因此投山仙人是另一位著名大仙極裕仙人的同母兄弟)。毗尸羅婆迎娶持力仙人(Bharadwaja)的女兒伊羅毗陀(Ilavida),生下了夜叉之王俱毗羅,之後又與達伊提耶(Daitya)公主吉卡悉(Kaikesi)結合,生下了著名的楞迦(Lanka)魔王羅波那及其兄弟鳩姆婆迦哩那(Kumbhakarna)、維毗沙那與羅剎女首哩薄那迦(Shurpanakha)。

參考文獻编辑

  1. ^ Narada said..页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆The Mahabharata translated by Kisari Mohan Ganguli (1883 -1896), Book 2: Sabha Parva: Lokapala Sabhakhayana Parva, section:XI. p. 25 And Daksha, Prachetas, Pulaha, Marichi, the master Kasyapa, Bhrigu, Atri, and Vasistha and Gautama, and also Angira, and Pulastya, Kratu, Prahlada, and Kardama, these Prajapatis, and Angira of the Atharvan Veda, the Valikhilyas, the Marichipas; Intelligence, Space, Knowledge, Air, Heat, Water, Earth, Sound, Touch, Form, Taste, Scent; Nature, and the Modes (of Nature), and the elemental and prime causes of the world,--all stay in that mansion beside the lord Brahma. And Agastya of great energy, and Markandeya, of great ascetic power, and Jamadagni and Bharadwaja, and Samvarta, and Chyavana, and exalted Durvasa, and the virtuous Rishyasringa, the illustrious 'Sanatkumara' of great ascetic merit and the preceptor in all matters affecting Yoga..."
  2. ^ Inhabitants of the Worlds页面存档备份,存于互联网档案馆) Mahanirvana Tantra, translated by Arthur Avalon, (Sir John Woodroffe), 1913, Introduction and Preface. The Rishi are seers who know, and by their knowledge are the makers of shastra and "see" all mantras. The word comes from the root rish Rishati-prapnoti sarvvang mantrang jnanena pashyati sangsaraparangva, etc. The seven great Rishi or saptarshi of the first manvantara are Marichi, Atri, Angira, Pulaha, Kratu, Pulastya, and Vashishtha. In other manvantara there are other saptarishi. In the present manvantara the seven are Kashyapa, Atri, Vashishtha, Vishvamitra, Gautama, Jamadagni, Bharadvaja. To the Rishi the Vedas were revealed. Vyasa taught the Rigveda so revealed to Paila, the Yajurveda to Vaishampayana, the Samaveda to Jaimini, Atharvaveda to Samantu, and Itihasa and Purana to Suta. The three chief classes of rishi are the Brahmarshi, born of the mind of Brahma, the Devarshi of lower rank, and Rajarshi or Kings who became rishi through their knowledge and austerities, such as Janaka, Ritaparna, etc. Thc Shrutarshi are makers of Shastras, as Sushruta. The Kandarshi are of the Karmakanda, such as Jaimini.