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㚻姦

(重定向自雞姦
一幅描繪美國與英國士兵㚻姦伊拉克囚犯的漫畫(詳見:美軍虐待伊拉克戰俘事件

㚻姦(俗寫:雞姦),《現代漢語詞典》的解釋為,男人與男人之間發生性行為。尤其指一名或多名男性以暴力、威脅等手段,強迫一名或多名男性被害人發生的性行為 [1]

語源编辑

”(拼音:jī、注音:ㄐㄧ),《汉语大字典》等字典都有收录, 此字可指代男男性關係。《清律‧刑律‧犯奸》書:「惡徒夥眾將良人子弟搶去,強行㚻姦者,無論曾否殺人,仍照光棍例。為首者,擬斬立決。」[1]

男性對男性的強姦编辑

被男性強姦對男性而言一直是被強烈汙名化的,根據心理學家薩拉‧克羅爾(Sarah Crome)博士的研究表示,被男性強姦的男性受害者多數會選擇沉默,只有不到十分之一會將此事述說出來。整體而言,男性強姦受害者也缺乏支持的管道,法律或制度對此種犯罪的處理方式也不見得週全。[2]

一些研究認為,男性對男性的監獄強姦和女性對女性的監獄強姦是比一般人群中常見的強姦類型更為普遍[3][4][5]而男性強姦男性已經被視為戰爭中的恐怖武器[6]。研究記錄顯示,在烏干達、智利、希臘、克羅埃西亞、伊朗、科威特、前蘇聯和前南斯拉夫有戰爭中將男性強姦男性作為戰爭或政治侵略武器的記錄。在1980年一項對薩爾瓦多男性政治犯的調查中發現,有76%的受訪者表示曾有過至少一次的性酷刑。而一項對塞拉耶佛6000名集中營囚犯的研究發現,有80%的男性曾被強姦[6]。而在敘利亞內戰(2011年至今)的案例中,有男囚在待處決期間遭受性虐待,例如被迫坐在碎玻璃瓶上,再把一袋水掛在他的生殖器上,或是被迫強姦另一名待處決的男囚,供官員們觀看享樂。[7]

參見编辑

參考資料编辑

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 㚻姦 維基詞典,2018年3月23號
  2. ^ Male rape victims left to suffer in silence. abc.net.au. February 9, 2001 [2007-05-30]. 
  3. ^ Human Rights Watch No Escape: Male Rape In U.S. Prisons. Part VII. Anomaly or Epidemic: The Incidence of Prisoner-on-Prisoner Rape.; estimates that 100,000–140,000 violent male-male rapes occur in U.S. prisons annually; compare with FBI statistics that estimated 90,000 violent male-female rapes occur annually.
  4. ^ Robert W. Dumond, "Ignominious Victims: Effective Treatment of Male Sexual Assault in Prison," August 15, 1995, p. 2; states that "evidence suggests that [male-male sexual assault in prison] may a staggering problem"). Quoted in Mariner, Joanne; (Organization), Human Rights Watch. No escape: male rape in U.S. prisons. Human Rights Watch. 2001-04-17: 370 [7 June 2010]. ISBN 978-1-56432-258-6. 
  5. ^ Struckman-Johnson, Cindy; Struckman-Johnson, David. A Comparison of Sexual Coercion Experiences Reported by Men and Women in Prison. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 2006, 21 (12): 1591–1615. ISSN 0886-2605. PMID 17065656. doi:10.1177/0886260506294240. ; reports that "Greater percentages of men (70%) than women (29%) reported that their incident resulted in oral, vaginal, or anal sex. More men (54%) than women (28%) reported an incident that was classified as rape."
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 Storr, Will. The rape of men : Society : The Observer. The Observer (London: Guardian.co.uk). 17 July 2011 [17 July 2011]. Sexual violence is one of the most horrific weapons of war, an instrument of terror used against women. Yet huge numbers of men are also victims. 
  7. ^ Amnesty International. 2012. 'I Wanted to Die': Syria's torture survivors speak out 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2013-03-10.. London: Amnesty International Publications.