乳草

(重定向自马利筋属
马利筋屬
Asclepiascommon.JPG
Asclepias syriaca
科学分类 编辑
界: 植物界 Plantae
演化支 被子植物 Angiosperms
演化支 真双子叶植物 Eudicots
演化支 菊类植物 Asterids
目: 龙胆目 Gentianales
科: 夹竹桃科 Apocynaceae
属: 马利筋属 Asclepias
种: 马利筋屬 A.
二名法
Asclepias
Linn.

马利筋屬下的植物通稱乳草,又称乳仔草红乳草细本乳仔草千根草乳汁草-岭南痢疾草-广东细叶飞扬草-广州萹蓄草-台湾,是多年生草本植物的一属,属于夹竹桃科植物,涵括超过140种植物。例子有马利筋金凤花

马利筋物种已经演化出精巧的抵御策略以对抗吃它们叶子的毛虫。这些包括叶子上的毛、其组织中称为心脏干扰素的心脏毒以及来自於植物管状器官的乳白色有毒乳汁,故马利筋又称乳草。

部分種编辑

  Asclepias albicans Whitestem milkweed, native to the Mojave and Sonoran deserts
  Asclepias amplexicaulis Blunt-leaved milkweed, native to central and eastern United States
  Asclepias asperula Antelope horns, native to American southwest and northern Mexico
  Asclepias californica California milkweed, native to central and southern California
  Asclepias cordifolia Heart-leaf milkweed, native to the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Range up to 2000 m.
  Asclepias cryptoceras Pallid milkweed, native to the western United States.
  Asclepias curassavica Scarlet milkweed, tropical milkweed, bloodflower, bastard ipecacuanha, native to the American tropics, introduced to other continents
  Asclepias curtissii Curtiss's milkweed, endemic to sandy areas of Florida
  Asclepias eriocarpa Woollypod milkweed, native to California, Baja California, and Nevada
  Asclepias erosa Desert milkweed, native to California, Arizona, and Baja California
  Asclepias exaltata Poke milkweed, native to eastern North America
  Asclepias fascicularis Narrow-leaf milkweed, native to Western United States
  Asclepias hirtella Tall green milkweed
  Asclepias humistrata Sandhill milkweed, native to southeastern United States
  Asclepias incarnata Swamp milkweed, native to wetlands of North America
Asclepias involucrata
  Asclepias lanceolata Lanceolate milkweed (Cedar Hill milkweed), native to coastal plain of eastern United States from Texas to New Jersey
  Asclepias linaria Pine needle milkweed, native to Mojave and Sonoran deserts
Asclepias linearis Slim milkweed
  Asclepias meadii Mead's milkweed, native to midwestern United States
Asclepias nivea
  Asclepias nyctaginifolia Mojave milkweed, native to the American southwest
Asclepias obovata Pineland milkweed
  Asclepias purpurascens Purple milkweed, native to eastern, southern, and midwestern United States
  Asclepias quadrifolia Four-leaved milkweed, native to eastern United States and Canada
  Asclepias rubra Red milkweed
  Asclepias solanoana Serpentine milkweed, native to northern California
  Asclepias speciosa Showy milkweed, native to western United States and Canada
  Asclepias subulata Rush milkweed, leafless milkweed, native to southwestern North America
  Asclepias subverticillata Horsetail milkweed[1]
  Asclepias sullivantii Sullivant's milkweed
  Asclepias syriaca Common milkweed
  Asclepias texana Texas milkweed
  Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly weed, pleurisy root
  Asclepias uncialis Wheel milkweed
  Asclepias variegata White milkweed
  Asclepias verticillata Whorled milkweed
Asclepias vestita Woolly milkweed
  Asclepias viridiflora Green milkweed
  Asclepias viridis Green antelopehorn, spider milkweed
  Asclepias welshii Welsh's milkweed

南美洲有A. curassavica等12種。

参考文献编辑

  1. ^ Asclepias subverticillata (A. Gray) Vail, USDA PLANTS