大历史

对宇宙大爆炸至今的宏观历史的研究

大历史(Big History)是一个新兴学术领域,探索从宇宙大爆炸到现代的历史。它通过包括科学人文等多种学科的跨学科方法来检视长远的时间框架[1][2][3][4][5] 并在更大的背景之下探讨人类存在的意义。[6] 它整合宇宙、地球、生命和人类的研究,使用经验,证据来探索因果关系,[7][8] 它被讲授于大学[9] 和中学[10] 经常使用基于网路的互动式专题来介绍。[10] 此运动涉及澳大利亚麦考瑞大学之历史学家大卫·克利斯汀英语David Christian (historian),他创造了“大的历史”这个词,[7][9][11] 并且是由一个“学者的不寻常联盟”所成就。[2]

艺术家的描绘了 威尔金森微波各向异性探测器的 卫星收集的数据,以帮助科学家们理解宇宙大爆炸
大爆炸 膨胀根据 美国宇航局

一个“大历史”的早期例子发现于约翰·肯尼迪莱斯大学的着名演讲,他将50,000年的人类历史浓缩为半个世纪来讲解。[12] 一些历史学家表示对“科学历史”表示怀疑,并认为“大历史”之宣称没有独创性。[13]

参考资料编辑

  1. ^ Rev. Michael Dowd. Big History Hits the Big Time. Huffington Post. May 8, 2012 [2012-12-13]. (原始内容存档于2017-04-30). "Big History" has entered the big leagues ... 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 Patricia cohen. History That's Written in Beads as Well as in Words. The New York Times. September 26, 2011 [2012-12-13]. (原始内容存档于2013-06-02). 
  3. ^ Ursula Goodenough. It's Time for a New Narrative; It's Time for 'Big History'. NPR. February 10, 2011 [2012-12-13]. (原始内容存档于2012-05-23). 
  4. ^ Tom Vander Ark (December 13, 2012).
  5. ^ Christian, David. Maps of Time: An Introduction to Big History. 2004. 
  6. ^ Stearns, Peter N. Growing Up: The History of Childhood in a Global Context. : 9. 
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 Vanessa Thorpe. Big History theories pose latest challenge to traditional curriculum: Maverick academic's 'Big History' – which is backed by Bill Gates – is subject of new documentary. The Guardian. 27 October 2012 [2012-12-13]. (原始内容存档于2012-11-19). Big History, a movement spearheaded by the Oxford-educated maverick historian David Christian,... 
  8. ^ International Big History Association. [September 17, 2012]. (原始内容存档于2018-01-20). 
  9. ^ 9.0 9.1 Craig Benjamin. Recent Developments in Big History. History of Science Society. July 2012 [2012-12-13]. (原始内容存档于2013-01-09). Vol. 41, No. 3, 
  10. ^ 10.0 10.1 Stephanie M. McPherson. 5 big ideas that just might transform the classroom: From longer days to history courses that span 13.7 billion years, these notions just might transform the classroom.. Boston Globe Magazine. 2012 [2012-12-13]. (原始内容存档于2016-10-09). 1. TAKE THE REALLY LONG VIEW 
  11. ^ Connie Barlow and Michael Dowd. Failing Our Youth: A Call to Religious Liberals. Huffington Post. December 13, 2012 [2012-12-13]. (原始内容存档于2017-03-25). Historian David Christian ... "big history." 
  12. ^ JFK speech at Rice (video). [2016-07-08]. (原始内容存档于2016-03-17). 
  13. ^ Rebekah Higgitt. (Pseudo)scientific history?: At least one historical prediction holds true: the regular appearance of claims to have the key to 'scientific history'. The Guardian. 16 August 2012 [2012-12-13]. (原始内容存档于2013-02-22). ... Peter Turchin ... to explain 'big history' – things like the rise of empires, social discontent, civil wars, and state collapse". ...