小長頸龜屬

小長頸龜屬Chelodina)是蛇頸龜科下的一個, 其命名史相當複雜。[2] 原先的大長頸龜屬Macrochelodina)和窄胸長頸龜屬Macrodiremys)現也屬於該屬。[2]

小长颈龟属
如何讀生物分類框

化石时期:始新世–現在
Australsnturtle2.jpg
東澳長頸龜
科学分类 e
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 脊索动物门 Chordata
纲: 爬行纲 Reptilia
目: 龟鳖目 Testudines
科: 蛇颈龟科 Chelidae
属: 小长颈龟属 Chelodina
Fitzinger, 1826 [1]
Distribution map of Chelodina species.png

小長頸龜屬只生活在澳大利亞新幾內亞印度尼西亞羅地島

亞屬编辑

大長頸龜屬在1985年首次被描述(作為一個新屬),其頭部和頸部都極長,嗜食魚,該亞屬中最大的寬甲長頸龜背殼長度可達45厘米(18英寸)。[3] 其第一批化石(C. (M.) alanrixi)來自于昆士蘭州始新世地層。[4]

窄胸長頸龜屬是一個單種屬[5]

分類學编辑

現分類依據Georges & Thomson於2010年的研究:[2]

小長頸龜亞屬Chelodina Fitzinger, 1826

大長頸龜亞屬Macrochelodina Wells & Wellington, 1985[6]

  • Chelodina alanrixi de Broin and Molnar, 2001[7]
  • Chelodina insculpta de Vis, 1897[8]
  • 砂岩長頸龜Chelodina (M.) burrungandjii Thomson, Kennett & Georges, 2000[9]
  • 寬甲長頸龜Chelodina (M.) expansa Gray, 1857
  • 紋面長頸龜Chelodina (M.) parkeri Rhodin and Mittermeier, 1976
  • 皺面長頸龜Chelodina (M.) oblonga Gray, 1841[10]

窄胸長頸龜亞屬Macrodiremys McCord & Joseph-Uoni 2007[5]

參考資料编辑

  1. ^ Fitzinger LJFJ. 1826. Neue classification der reptilien nach ihren natürlichen verwandtschaften. Nebst einer verwandtschafts-tafel und einem verzeichnisse der reptilien-sammlung des K. K. zoologischen museum's zu Wien. J.G. Hübner, Wien. vii, 66 pp.
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 2.2 Georges, A. & Thomson, S. 2010. Diversity of Australasian freshwater turtles, with an annotated synonymy and keys to species. Zootaxa 2496: 1–37.
  3. ^ Macrochelodina expansa (Grey, 1856) - Broad-Shelled Turtle 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2010-12-31.
  4. ^ Lapparent de Broin, F. de, & Molnar, R. E., 2001: Eocene chelid turtles from Redbank Plains, Southeast Queensland, Australia. Geodiversitas: Vol. 23, #1, pp. 41-79
  5. ^ 5.0 5.1 McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Uoni, M., 2007, A New Genus of Australian Longneck Turtle (Testudines: Chelidae) and a New Species of Macrochelodina from the Kimberley Region of Western Australia (Australia. Reptilia, 31, 56–64.
  6. ^ Wells, R.W. and Wellington, C.R. 1985. A classification of the amphibia and reptilia of Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology, Supplementary Series. 1:1-61.
  7. ^ Lapparent de Broin, F. de, & Molnar, R. E., 2001: Eocene chelid turtles from Redbank Plains, Southeast Queensland, Australia. Geodiversitas: Vol. 23, #1, pp. 41-79
  8. ^ de Vis, C.W. 1897. The extinct freshwater turtles of Queensland. Annals of the Queensland Museum. 3: 3-7.
  9. ^ Thomson S., Kennett R. and Georges A. (2000). A new species of long necked turtle (Chelidae:Chelodina) from the sandstone plateau of Arnhem Land, Northern Australia. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 3:675-685.
  10. ^ Gray, John Edward. 1841. A catalogue of the species of reptiles and amphibia hitherto described as inhabiting Australia, with a description of some new species from Western Australia, and some remarks on their geographical distribution. In: Grey, G. Journals of Two Expeditions of Discovery in Northwest and Western Australia. London: T. and W. Boone, Vol. 2. Appendix E, pp. 422–449.
  11. ^ Gray, John Edward. 1856a. On some new species of freshwater tortoises from North America, Ceylon and Australia, in the collection of the British Museum. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1855[1856](23):197–202.

外部連結编辑