意大利兄弟

意大利兄弟義大利語Fratelli d'Italia,缩写为FdI)是意大利的一个极右翼民族保守主义政党。该党成立于2012年12月17日,分裂自自由人民党。该党的主席是Giorgia Meloni。该党的总部位于罗马。该党的青年翼是民族青年。该党出版报纸《爱国者之声》。该党是中右联盟欧洲保守派和改革主义者党的成员[23]

Brothers of Italy
Fratelli d'Italia
主席Giorgia Meloni
成立2012年12月17日 (2012-12-17)
分裂自The People of Freedom
总部Via della Scrofa 39
00186 Rome
党报Gazzetta Tricolore (2012–2015)
La Voce del Patriota (since 2018)
青年组织National Youth
党员
(2017)
160,000[1]
意识形态National conservatism[2][3]
Nationalism[4][5]
Social conservatism[6]
Conservatism[7]
Right-wing populism[8][9]
Euroscepticism[10][11]
Factions:
Neo-fascism[12][13][14]
Liberal conservatism[15]
政治立场Right-wing[16][17][18][19]
to far-right[20][21][22]
国内组织Centre-right coalition
欧洲组织European Conservatives and Reformists Party
欧洲议会党团European Conservatives and Reformists
官方色彩  Blue
Chamber of Deputies
34 / 630
Senate
19 / 315
European Parliament
7 / 76
Regional Presidents
2 / 20
Regional
Councils
68 / 897
官方网站
www.fratelli-italia.it
Italy政治
政党 · 选举

参考文献编辑

  1. ^ Giorgia Meloni, Atreju 2017, 21 September 2017
  2. ^ Nordsieck, Wolfram. Italy. Parties and Elections in Europe. 2018 [21 May 2018]. 
  3. ^ Taube, Friedel. Women increasingly drawn to right-wing populist parties, study shows. Deutsche Welle (DW). 30 August 2018 [22 May 2020]. Co-founder and leader of the national conservative Brothers of Italy party, Giorgia Meloni has a long history in far-right politics. 
  4. ^ "Giorgia Meloni emerges as challenger to Salvini on Italian right". Financial Times. 5 June 2020.
  5. ^ Italy's Salvini calls for elections, raises possibility of far-right rule. NBC News. 2019-08-11 [2020-03-15]. 
  6. ^ European Election Watch: Italy. Center for Strategic and International Studies. 4 March 2018. 
  7. ^ Borrelli, Silvia. Italy's uneasy partners return to battle. POLITICO (Europe Edition) (PESCARA, Italy). 2 August 2019 [22 May 2020]. 
  8. ^ Berlusconi im Wahlkampf. ZDF. 1 February 2018 [10 March 2018]. (原始内容存档于3 April 2019).  已忽略未知参数|url-status= (帮助)
  9. ^ Zulianello, Mattia. Varieties of Populist Parties and Party Systems in Europe: From State-of-the-Art to the Application of a Novel Classification Scheme to 66 Parties in 33 Countries. Government and Opposition. 2019. 
  10. ^ Brexit, si teme effetto domino. Ecco gli euroscettici d'Europa. Rai News24. 24 June 2016. 
  11. ^ Giorgia Meloni batte moneta: "Ad Atreju niente euro". Libero. 22 September 2015 [21 November 2017]. (原始内容存档于3 April 2019).  已忽略未知参数|url-status= (帮助)
  12. ^ Così Fratelli d’Italia va a caccia di voti su Facebook sfruttando il fascismo, La Stampa
  13. ^ Il dirigente di Fratelli d'Italia: "Dobbiamo essere liberi di poterci definire fascisti", Globalist
  14. ^ Elezioni, quanti nostalgici del Duce nelle liste di Fratelli d'Italia, L'Espresso
  15. ^ Crosetto, il gigante liberale che non ha peli sulla lingua, Il Giornale
  16. ^ Osborne, Samuel. Italy election: What was the result and what is the Five Star Movement?. The Independent. 6 March 2018 [28 January 2020] (英语). 
  17. ^ Edwards, Catherine. An introduction to Italy's small political parties. The Local. 11 September 2017 [28 January 2020]. 
  18. ^ Horowitz, Jason. Sicily's Political Theater Has Colorful Cast and Big Implications. The New York Times. 2 November 2017 [28 January 2020]. 
  19. ^ Jones, Gavin; Di Giorgio, Massimiliano. Italy's 5-Star, League talks progress, PM may be in sight. Reuters. 13 May 2018 [28 January 2020] (英语). 
  20. ^ Politi, James; Ghiglione, Davide. Meloni takes Italian far-right back to 1930s roots. Financial Times. 10 February 2018 [28 January 2020]. 
  21. ^ Barigazzi, Jacopo. Far-right leader rejects idea of Emma Bonino as Italy's PM. POLITICO. 25 February 2018 [28 January 2020]. 
  22. ^ Sylvers, Eric. Italy's Far Right Flexes Campaign Muscle. Wall Street Journal. 15 November 2017 [28 January 2020]. 
  23. ^ Alba Ferreri. Armchair Quarterback or Most Valuable Player? The Italian Parliament: Debating Economic Planningwith a Crisis in the Offing (2006–2014). Nikolaos Papakostas; Nikolaos Pasamitros (编). EU: Beyond the Crisis: A Debate on Sustainable Integrationism. Columbia University Press. 2016: 32. ISBN 978-3-8382-6848-4.