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毛蚋屬學名Bibio)是毛蚋科下的一,又稱為毛蠅三月蠅,牠們生活在春季新生的叢中,採集花蜜為食,因而得名。這類昆蟲僅有一對能摺疊且內部很發達的前,後翅則退化為平衡棍。前翅的脈徑結構和色素澱積已經退化。[2]牠們是幾種植物授粉媒介,例如:豬草Heracleum sphondylium)、綠毛山柳菊Hieracium pilosella)等。[3]

 
毛蚋屬
化石時期: 古新世–現代
Bibio johannis
科學分類
界: 動物界 Animalia
門: 節肢動物門 Arthropoda
綱: 昆蟲綱 Insecta
目: 雙翅目 Diptera
亞目: 長角亞目 Nematocera
下目: 毛蚋下目 Bibionomorpha
總科: 毛蚋總科 Bibionoidea
科: 毛蚋科 Bibionidae
亞科: Bibioninae
屬: 毛蚋屬 Bibio
Geoffroy英语Étienne Louis Geoffroy, 1762
模式種
Tipula hortulanus
Linnaeus, 1758

見內文

異名
  • Curtisimyia Giebel, 1856
  • Lithobibio Beier, 1952
  • Lithosomyia Carpenter, 1986
  • Mesomyia Pongrácz, 1928[1]

物種编辑

參考文獻编辑

  1. ^ Fossilworks: Bibio. [2017-12-31] (英语). 
  2. ^ Walker, Cyril; Ward, David. Fossils. Smithsonian Handbooks revised, illustrated. Dorling Kindersley. 2002: 78. ISBN 0789489848. 
  3. ^ Van Der Kooi, C. J.; Pen, I.; Staal, M.; Stavenga, D. G.; Elzenga, J. T. M. Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers (PDF). Plant Biology. 2015, 18: 56. doi:10.1111/plb.12328. 
  4. ^ 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 Loew, Hermann. Diptera Americae septentrionalis indigena. Centuria quinta.. Berl. Ent. Z. 1864, 8: 49–104 [9 August 2017]. 
  5. ^ 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 5.19 Durrenfeldt, A. Dipteren aus dem Oberpliozan von Willershausen. Beih. Ber. Naturhist. Ges. Hannover. 1968, 6: 43–81. 
  6. ^ 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 Yang, C.-k.; Luo, K. New species and new records of March flies from Shaanxi, China (Diptera: Bibionidae). Entomotax. 1989, 11: 141–156. 
  7. ^ 7.0 7.1 7.2 McAtee, W. L. Descriptions of Bibio (Diptera) from the Carolinas. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington (Washington: Entomological Society of Washington). 1923, 25: 62–64 [10 August 2017]. 
  8. ^ 8.0 8.1 Hardy, D. E. Bibionidae (Diptera) of New Guinea (PDF). Pacific Insects. 1968, 10 (3-4): 443–513 [12 August 2017]. 
  9. ^ 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Fitzgerald, Scott J. A revision of Bibio (Diptera: Bibionidae) of Mexico and Central America. Transactions of the American Entomological Society. 1997, 123 (4): 225–287. 
  10. ^ 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Yang, C.-k. Diptera: Bibionidae. Pp. 1441-1447. In Yang, X. (ed.), Insects of the Three Gorge Reservoir area of Yangtze River. Part 2.. Chongqing: Chongqing Publ. House. 1997: [4]+x+975-1847+[1].