濁齒齦塞音輔音的一種,用於一些口語中。濁齒齦塞音、齒音齒齦後音在國際音標的符號都是d,X-SAMPA音標的符號則是d

濁齒齦塞音
d
IPA編號 104
編碼
HTML碼(十進制) d
Unicode碼(十六進制) U+0064
X-SAMPA音標 d
ASCII音標英语Kirshenbaum d
IPA盲文英语IPA Braille ⠙ (braille pattern dots-145)
音頻範例

北京官話粵語均無此音,只有/t/。

吳語有此音,由宋朝廣韻及更早之舌頭音,定紐作/d/。

特徵编辑

濁齒齦塞音的特點:

  • 發音方法是閉塞, 也就是說通過阻礙空氣在聲腔流動來發音。
  • 發音部位是齒齦,即以舌尖或者舌尖後的扁平面(舌葉)抵住上齒齦脊發音。
  • 發聲類型是濁音, 意味着發音時聲帶顫動。
  • 本輔音是口腔輔音 (口音) ,表示發音時空氣只從口裡流出。
  • 中央輔音, 氣流可從舌中部流過,不從兩側流過。
  • 氣流特點是從肺部直接流出,而不是從口腔或喉門流出。

濁齒齦塞音的變種编辑

音標 種類
d 原位 d
or 漏氣 d
顎音 d
圓唇 d
喉壁 d
唯閉 d
清音化 d
緊喉 d
舌尖 d
舌面 d
齒音 d
d̪͆ 齒間 d
齒齦後 d

該音見於英語编辑

英語中此音以d表示。但現在,d並不一定表示此音。過去分詞後綴-ed如果在清輔音後的話,d會讀成t(有時國際音標亦會標成/d̥/)。在一些口音中,dr亦會讀成/ʤɹ/。見齒齦無擦通音

該音見於葡萄牙語编辑

巴西葡萄牙語中,d字母前如果在/i/前的話,會讀成/dʒ/。t在這種口音中亦有類似的轉變。

參考文獻编辑

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參見编辑

外部連結编辑