生活方式医学

生活方式医学(Lifestyle medicine)是醫學的一個分支,是研究、預防治療一些因生活方式(例如如營養、活動量或是慢性壓力)造成的疾病。在臨床上,生活方式諮詢的主要障礙是醫生感覺準備不足,也不確定病患療法及調整建議的接受程度[1]

不好的生活習慣(例如飲食方式、不常運動、吸烟、過量的飲酒),以及社會心理因素(例如慢性壓力、缺乏社會支持及團體)都有可能造成慢性疾病[2][3]。而教導如何在家中料理均衡飲食,也是生活方式医学實務中的一部份[4][5]

參考資料编辑

  1. ^ Hivert, Marie-France; Arena, Ross; Forman, Daniel E.; Kris-Etherton, Penny M.; McBride, Patrick E.; Pate, Russell R.; Spring, Bonnie; Trilk, Jennifer; Horn, Linda V. Van; Kraus, William E.; Health, On behalf of the American Heart Association Physical Activity Committee of the Council on Lifestyle and Cardiometabolic; the Behavior Change Committee, a joint committee of the Council on Lifestyle and Cardiometabolic Health and the Council on Epidemiology and Prevention; the Exercise, Cardiac Rehabilitation; Nursing, and the Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke. Medical Training to Achieve Competency in Lifestyle Counseling: An Essential Foundation for Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular Diseases and Other Chronic Medical Conditions: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Circulation. 1 January 2016, 134: CIR.0000000000000442. ISSN 0009-7322. PMID 27601568. doi:10.1161/CIR.0000000000000442 (英语). 
  2. ^ Kvaavik, Elisabeth. Influence of Individual and Combined Health Behaviors on Total and Cause-Specific Mortality in Men and Women: The United Kingdom Health and Lifestyle Survey. JAMA Internal Medicine. April 2010, 170 (8): 711–8 [7 July 2015]. PMID 20421558. doi:10.1001/archinternmed.2010.76. 
  3. ^ Sagner, Michael. Lifestyle medicine potential for reversing a world of chronic disease epidemics: from cell to community. International Journal of Clinical Practice. October 2014, 68 (11): 1289–1292 [7 July 2015]. PMID 25348380. doi:10.1111/ijcp.12509. 
  4. ^ Polak, R; Phillips, EM; Nordgren, J; La Puma, J; La Barba, J; Cucuzzella, M; Graham, R; Harlan, TS; Burg, T; Eisenberg, D. Health-related Culinary Education: A Summary of Representative Emerging Programs for Health Professionals and Patients.. Global advances in health and medicine. January 2016, 5 (1): 61–8. PMC 4756781. PMID 26937315. doi:10.7453/gahmj.2015.128. 
  5. ^ Liyanagunawardena, Tharindu Rekha; Williams, Shirley Ann. Massive Open Online Courses on Health and Medicine: Review. Journal of Medical Internet Research. 2014, 16 (8): e191 [29 August 2017]. doi:10.2196/jmir.3439. 

外部連結编辑