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織絲植物門Nematophytes)是一個複系的陸地植物門,包含一些僅有化石記錄的藻類,[4][5] 歷史可追溯至上志留紀[6] 模式屬織絲體屬Nematothallus)首次描述於1933年,[7] 這是一類葉狀體植物,有管狀結構和孢子體,外部有一層角質層包裹。其生長結構不同於已知的其他陸地植物,[8] 而且其中一些植物與真菌更為相似。[9] 織絲植物常見於多足類糞化石中。[10]

 
織絲植物門
化石時期: 430–410 Ma[1]
上志留紀-下泥盆紀
Cosmochlaina的角質層
Cosmochlaina的角質層
科學分類
界: 植物界 Plantae
Strother 1993
門: 織絲植物門 Nematophytes
Lang 1937[2]

Nematothalaceae:

Nematophytaceae:

參考文獻编辑

  1. ^ Linda E. Graham, Lee W. Wilcox, Martha E. Cook, Patricia G. Gensel. Resistant tissues of modern marchantioid liverworts resemble enigmatic Early Paleozoic microfossils. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 2004-07-27, 101 (30): 11025–11029 [2018-04-02]. doi:10.1073/pnas.0400484101. 
  2. ^ Strother, P.K. Clarification of the Genus Nematothallus Lang. Journal of Paleontology. 1993, 67 (6): 1090–1094. JSTOR 1306131. 
  3. ^ Included in the Nematophyta by W. A. TAYLOR, C. H. WELLMAN. ULTRASTRUCTURE OF ENIGMATIC PHYTOCLASTS (BANDED TUBES) FROM THE SILURIAN-LOWER DEVONIAN: EVIDENCE FOR AFFINITIES AND ROLE IN EARLY TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS. PALAIOS: 167–180. [2018-04-02]. doi:10.2110/palo.2008.p08-046r. 
  4. ^ MARTIN R. SMITH, NICHOLAS J. BUTTERFIELD. A new view onNematothallus: coralline red algae from the Silurian of Gotland. Palaeontology. 2013-03-01, 56 (2): 345–357 [2018-04-02]. ISSN 1475-4983. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4983.2012.01203.x (英语). 
  5. ^ Niklas, K. J. Chemical Examinations of Some Non-Vascular Paleozoic Plants (PDF). Brittonia. 1976, 28 (1): 113–137. JSTOR 2805564. doi:10.2307/2805564. 
  6. ^ Fayers; Trewin, Nigel H. A review of the palaeoenvironments and biota of the Windyfield chert. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences. 2003, 94 (4). doi:10.1017/S0263593300000729. 
  7. ^ Lang, W.H. On the Plant-Remains from the Downtonian of England and Wales. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. 1937, 227 (544): 245–291. Bibcode:1937RSPTB.227..245L. JSTOR 92244. doi:10.1098/rstb.1937.0004. 
  8. ^ Strother, P.K. New Species of Nematothallus from the Silurian Bloomsburg Formation of Pennsylvania. Journal of Paleontology. 1988, 62 (6): 967–982. JSTOR 1305385. 
  9. ^ Dianne Edwards, Lindsey Axe. Evidence for a fungal affinity for Nematasketum, a close ally of Prototaxites. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 2012-01-01, 168 (1): 1–18 [2018-04-02]. ISSN 0024-4074. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2011.01195.x (英语). 
  10. ^ D. EDWARDS, P. A. SELDEN, L. AXE. SELECTIVE FEEDING IN AN EARLY DEVONIAN TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEM. PALAIOS: 509–522. [2018-04-02]. doi:10.2110/palo.2011.p11-094r. 
  • McGregor and Narbonne (1978): "Upper Silurian trilete spores and other microfossils from the Read Bay Formation, Cornwallis Island, Canadian Arctic"