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普法尔茨的鲁普雷希特亲王

(重定向自莱茵河的鲁伯特王子

鲁普雷希特(德语:Ruprecht von der Pfalz;英語:Prince Rupert of the Rhine;1619年12月17日-1682年11月29日),英语译作魯珀特,萊茵王領侯爵(Count Palatine)、巴伐利亞公爵、第一代坎伯蘭公爵、第一代霍德尼斯侯爵,通常被稱為萊茵的魯珀特王子。他是選帝侯腓特烈五世與英王詹姆斯一世之長女伊莉莎白之子,故也是查理一世的姪子。

普法尔茨的鲁普雷希特亲王
Rupert of the Rhine.jpg
坎伯蘭公爵
統治 1644年-1682年
英國海軍大臣
統治 1668年-1682年
前任 查理二世
繼任 查理二世
出生 (1619-12-17)1619年12月17日
逝世 1682年11月29日(1682-11-29)(62歲)
子嗣 Dudley Bard
Ruperta Howe
王朝 維特爾斯巴赫王朝
父親 腓特烈五世
母親 伊莉莎白

生平编辑

青年時代的鲁普雷希特是一名軍人,曾在八十年戰爭中對抗西班牙哈布斯堡王朝,也在三十年戰爭期間對抗神聖羅馬帝國,在英國內戰中也擔任騎兵指揮官,但在投降後被逐出英格蘭。[1]之後也曾協助法王路易十四對抗西班牙,又在加勒比海上從事私掠。最後回到英格蘭,並在第二次及第三次英荷戰爭中擔任海軍高階指揮官,之後從事科學發明、藝術,也擔任哈德遜灣公司的第一任總督,加拿大的大片地域,因此被命名為「鲁珀特地」。1682年逝世於倫敦。

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引用编辑

  1. ^ Spencer, Charles, Prince Rupert: The Last Cavalier. London: Phoenix, 2007, p.p.176–7. ISBN 978-0-297-84610-9

參考文獻编辑

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