藏語群(英語:Bodish languages),又稱藏語支,語言學上的分類,屬於藏-喜马拉雅语群之下的分支,名稱源自圖博藏语བོད་威利bod)。不同學者對於藏語群的分類有不同的定義,但是其共同點是不包括東部藏語(East Bodish)。使用這些語言的族群主要分布在西藏、北印度、北巴基斯坦、尼泊爾不丹一帶。

藏語群
地理分佈: 青藏高原
谱系学分类 漢藏語系
分支:
Glottolog bodi1257

各種分類编辑

學者Ernst Schäfer,將藏語分成西部藏語、中央藏語、南部藏語與東部藏語四大類。Schäfer認為除了西部藏語之外,其他三個藏語群都是源自古藏語

Nathan W. Hill認為西部藏語這個假說並沒有根據,他主張分成東部藏語與藏語兩大類。

參考文獻编辑

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  • van Driem, George (1994). East Bodish and Proto-Tibeto-Burman morphosyntax. Current Issues in Sino-Tibetan Linguistics, Osaka: The Organizing Committee of the 26th International Conference on Sino-Tibetan Languages and Linguistics.
  • van Driem, George (1995). Een eerste grammaticale verkenning van het Bumthang, een taal van midden-Bhutan. Leiden: Onderzoekschool CNWS.
  • van Driem, George (2001) Languages of the Himalayas: An Ethnolinguistic Handbook of the Greater Himalayan Region. Brill.
  • Hill, Nathan W., Overview of Old Tibetan synchronic phonology (PDF), Transactions of the Philological Society, 2010, 108 (2): 110–125, doi:10.1111/j.1467-968X.2010.01234.x.  已忽略未知参数|citeseerx= (帮助)
  • Hyslop, G., (2008a). Kurtöp phonology in the context of Northeast India. In: Morey, S., Post, M. (Eds.), North East Indian Linguistics 1: Papers from the First International Conference of the North East Indian Linguistic Society. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 3–25.
  • Hyslop, G., (2008b). "Kurtöp and the classification of the languages of Bhutan." In: Proceedings from the 42nd Annual Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society 42, vol. 2, South Asian Linguistics, Case, Voice, and Language Coexistence. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
  • Hyslop, G., (2009), "Kurtöp Tone: A tonogenetic case study." Lingua 119: 827–845
  • Lu shao zun 陸紹尊(2002). 門巴語方言研究 Menbayu fangyan yanjiu [Studies in the dialects of the Monpa language.] Beijing: 民族出版社 Minzu chubanshe.
  • Michailovsky, Boyd and Martine Mazaudon (1994). “Preliminary Notes on the Languages of the Bumthang Group (Bhutan).” Tibetan Studies: proceedings of the 6th Seminar of the International Association for Tibetan Studies. Ed. Per Kværne. Vol 2. Oslo: The Institute of Comparative Research in Human Culture. 545-557.
  • Shafer, Robert, Classification of the Sino-Tibetan languages, Word (Journal of the Linguistic Circle of New York), 1955, 11 (1): 94–111, doi:10.1080/00437956.1955.11659552. 
  • Tournadre, Nicolas, The Tibetic languages and their classification, (编) Owen-Smith, Thomas; Hill, Nathan W., Trans-Himalayan Linguistics: Historical and Descriptive Linguistics of the Himalayan Area, De Gruyter: 103–129, 2014, ISBN 978-3-11-031074-0.  (preprint)

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