豚草屬

豚草属學名Ambrosia)是一种原产于北美洲杂草,适应力极强而且生长旺盛的植物,屬於双子叶植物纲的菊目菊科。大多數的豚草屬植物是一年生的,但也有多年生的,例如:A. dumosa。有十個品種在索諾蘭沙漠生長。

豚草属
Ambrosia 5977.jpg
一種豚草
科学分类 e
界: 植物界 Plantae
演化支 被子植物 Angiosperms
演化支 真双子叶植物 Eudicots
演化支 菊类植物 Asterids
目: 菊目 Asterales
科: 菊科 Asteraceae
属: 豚草属 Ambrosia
L., 1753

超過40種,詳見內文。

品種编辑

  • Ambrosia acanthicarpa - Flatspine Burr Ragweed, Annual Bursage
  • Ambrosia ambrosioides - Ambrosia Burr Ragweed, Canyon Ragweed, chicura
    • Ambrosia ambrosioides ssp. septentrionale
  • 豚草 Ambrosia artemisiifolia:亦作豬草[1]
  • Ambrosia aspera
  • Ambrosia bidentata - Camphor Weed, Lanceleaf Ragweed
  • Ambrosia canescens - Hairy Ragweed
  • Ambrosia carduacea - Baja California Ragweed
  • Ambrosia chamissonis - Silver Burr Ragweed, Silver Beachweed, Silver Beach Burr
  • Ambrosia cheirnathifolia - Rio Grande Ragweed
  • Ambrosia chenopodiifolia - San Diego Burr Ragweed, San Diego Burrsage
  • Ambrosia confertiflora - Weakleaf Burr Ragweed
  • Ambrosia cordifolia - Tucson Burr Ragweed
  • Ambrosia coronopifolia
  • Ambrosia deltoidea - Triangle Burr Ragweed, Triangleleaf Bursage, Rabbitbush
  • Ambrosia dumosa - Burrobush, Burroweed, White Bursage
  • Ambrosia grayi - Woollyleaf Burr Ragweed
  • Ambrosia helenae
  • Ambrosia hispida - Coastal Ragweed
  • Ambrosia ilicfolia - Hollyleaf Burr Ragweed, Hollyleaf Bursage
  • Ambrosia intergradiens
  • Ambrosia johnstoniorum
  • Ambrosia linearis - Streaked Burr Ragweed
  • Ambrosia maritima 模式種
  • Ambrosia palustris
  • Ambrosia pannosa
  • Ambrosia parvifolia
  • Ambrosia peruviana - Peruvian Ragweed
  • 裸穗猪草 Ambrosia psilostachya[2]
  • Ambrosia pumila - Dwarf Burr Ragweed, San Diego Ambrosia
  • Ambrosia sandersonii
  • Ambrosia scabra
    • Ambrosia scabra var. robusta
    • Ambrosia scabra var. tenuior
  • Ambrosia tarapacana
  • Ambrosia tenuifolia - Slimleaf Burr Ragweed
  • Ambrosia tomentosa - Skeletonleaf Burr Ragweed
  • 三裂葉豬草 Ambrosia trifida[1][3]
    • Ambrosia trifida texana - Texan Great Ragweed
  • Ambrosia trifolia - Greater Ragweed
  • Ambrosia velutina

註腳编辑

  1. ^ 1.0 1.1 撰文/艾德勒(Jerry Adler);翻譯/林慧珍. 超級雜草 [The Growing Menace from Superweeds]. 科學人. 2012-04-19, (May) [2012-09-28]. (原始内容存档于2012-10-15) (中文(繁體)‎). 
  2. ^ 徐玲明. 裸穗猪草Ambrosia psilostachya DC. (PDF). 台灣行政院農業委員會農業藥物毒物試驗所. [2012-09-28]. (原始内容存档 (PDF)于2016-03-04) (中文(繁體)‎). 
  3. ^ 徐玲明. 三裂葉猪草Ambrosia trifida L. (PDF). 台灣行政院農業委員會農業藥物毒物試驗所. [2012-09-28]. (原始内容存档 (PDF)于2016-03-04) (中文(繁體)‎). 

參考编辑

  • Lewis, Alan J. (1973): Ragweed Control Techniques: Effect on Old-Field Plant Populations. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 100(6): 333-338. doi:10.2307/2484099 (HTML abstract, first page image)
  • Payne, Willard W. (1963): The Morphology of the Inflorescence of Ragweeds (Ambrosia-Franseria: Compositae). American Journal of Botany 50(9): 872-880. doi:10.2307/2439774 (HTML abstract, first page image)
  • Wopfner, Nicole; Gadermaier, Gabriele; Egger, Matthias; Asero, Riccardo; Ebner, Christof; Jahn-Schmid, Beatrice & Ferreira, Fatima (2005): The spectrum of allergens in ragweed and mugwort pollen. International Archives of Allergy and Immunology 138(4): 337-346. doi:10.1159/000089188 PMID 16254437 (HTML abstract)

外部連結编辑