燙髮(英語:Permpermanent wave),是指將頭髮由直髮變為捲髮,便能使頭髮改變出不同的捲曲度。市面上有許多燙髮藥水能令頭髮創造出捲紋的效果,一些帶有胺基酸及含角質蛋白的藥水便能使秀髮得到曲線美感外,亦會保持頭髮原有的水份以及光澤。早期的燙髮是埃及使用鹼性泥土結合樹枝當捲棒而成,但結論是效果並不持久。

First Prize won at the Hairdressing Fashion Show London, 1935, using an Icall permanent-waving machine. The hair is shorter even than in the '20s and curls/waves are restricted to the back and sides, revealing the ears and neck. The colours were achieved by adding pigments to the setting lotion

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