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甲蟎亞目Oribatida),又名隱氣門亞目Cryptostigmata), 是蛛形綱蜱蟎亞綱蟎形總目恙蟎目之下的四個亞目之一[1],以青苔甲蟲為食[2]。亦有其他文獻把本分類歸為目級,學名不變[3][4]。牠們的大小從0.2至1.4毫米[2][5][6]

 
甲蟎亞目
Oribatida
Unidentified mite (Phthiracaridae)
Unidentified mite (Phthiracaridae)
科學分類
界: 動物界 Animalia
門: 節肢動物門 Arthropoda
亞門: 螯肢亞門 Chelicerata
綱: 蛛形綱 Arachnida
亞綱: 蜱蟎亞綱 Acari
超目: 蟎形總目 Acariformes
目: 恙蟎目 Trombidiformes
Dugès英语Antoine Louis Dugès, 1833
亞目: 甲蟎亞目 Oribatida
多樣性
200,1,200,6,600
下目

見內文

異名

Cryptostigmataa

甲蟎的新陳代謝速率一般比較低,發展也慢,繁殖力也低[2]。 Species are iteroparous with adults living a relatively long time; for example, estimates of development time from egg to adult vary from several months to two years in temperate forest soils.[2] Oribatid mites have six active instars: prelarva, larva, 3 nymphal instars and the adult.[2] All these stages after the prelarva feed on a wide variety of material including living and dead plant and fungal material, lichens and carrion; some are predatory, but none is parasitic and feeding habits may differ between immatures and adults of the same species.

甲蟎是多種絛蟲綱物種的宿主,有助泥土內的有機物質分解,就好像蚯蚓那樣,所以在農業經濟上有其重要之處[7]

分類编辑

舊屬疥蟎亞目(Sarcoptiformes)[3]。根據2011年時的分類,本亞目現時下領五個下目、249個科、2399個屬,16,197個物種,這還未計算化石種的兩個科、20個屬共108個物種[8]。這五個下目分別如下[8]: Oribatida is divided into the following taxa:[9] 這五個下目分別如下[8]

參考文獻编辑

  1. ^ Zhang, Zhi-Qiang; Fan, Qing-Hai; Pesic, Vladimir; Smit, Harry; Bochkov, Andre V.; Khaustov, A. A.; Baker, Anne; Wohltmann, Andreas; Wen, Tinghuan; Amrine, James W.; Beron, P.; Lin, Jianzhen; Gabrys, Grzegorz; Husband, Robert. Order Trombidiformes Reuter, 1909 (PDF). (编) Zhang, Z.-Q. Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa (Magnolia Press). 2011: 129–147. ISBN 9781869778491 (英语). 
  2. ^ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Marjorie A. Hoy. Soil mites. (编) John L. Capinera. Encyclopedia of Entomology, Volume 1 2nd. Springer. 2008: 3463–3466. ISBN 978-1-4020-6242-1. 
  3. ^ 3.0 3.1 喬文娟. 我国小赫甲螨科系统分类研究.pdf. 內蒙古師範大學碩士學位論文 (內蒙古師範大學). 2011: 105页 [2016-01-06] (中文(简体)‎). 
  4. ^ Evans, 1992
  5. ^ http://www.nmns.edu.tw/public/exhibit/2005/Acari/7.html.  缺少或|title=为空 (帮助)
  6. ^ https://m.book118.com/html/2018/0601/169931312.shtm.  缺少或|title=为空 (帮助)
  7. ^ Edward W. Baker & G. W. Wharton. Oribatei Dugès, 1833. An Introduction to Acarology. New York: Macmillan. 1952: 387–438. 
  8. ^ 8.0 8.1 8.2 HEINRICH SCHATZ, VALERIE M. BEHAN-PELLETIER, BARRY M. OCONNOR & ROY A. NORTON. Suborder Oribatida van der Hammen, 1968 (PDF). (编) Zhang, Z.-Q. Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness (PDF). Zootaxa (Magnolia Press). 2011: 141–148. ISBN 978-1-86977-850-7. ISSN 1175-5334 (英语). 
  9. ^ Luis S. Subías. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes: Oribatida) del mundo (Excepto fósiles) [Systematic and biogeographic list, with synonymies, of the oribatid mites (Acariformes: Oribatida) of the world (excluding fossils)] (PDF). 2007 [2008-01-05] (西班牙语). 

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  維基物種中有關甲蟎亞目的數據