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紫菜卷[1](韓語:김밥)是一种流行的朝鲜食品[2],是将蒸熟的白米饭和各种其他材料卷进紫菜中,再切成一块块供应。[3]紫菜包饭通常在野餐或户外活动时吃,或作为简便的午餐,佐以萝卜干泡菜[4]

紫菜包饭
Vegetable gimbap.jpg
一盘紫菜包饭切片
朝鲜语名稱
諺文 김밥
文观部式 gimbap
马-赖式 kimbap

朝鮮日治時期,日本的卷壽司傳入朝鮮半島[5][6][7][8][9]。朝鲜人在日本寿司的基础上发展出紫菜包饭。雖然外型跟日本壽司很相像,紫菜包饭在調味或製作上與壽司仍有差異存在,首先紫菜包饭在韓國當地都會在海苔上用麻油或是香油均勻的抹在上面散發香味,同時米飯也不會像日本壽司那樣加醋下去調味。而且日本製作壽司卷時通常會切成小份,韓國人則不一定。而餡料日本多使用魚、韓國則是以肉為主,甚至加辣。

紫菜捲飯在韓國很便宜且容易買到,一般在韓國的小吃店等地中,1000至2000韓元左右就可以買到紫菜捲飯。紫菜包饭品种众多,老少皆宜。所以很受东南亚地区人们的欢迎

参考资料编辑

  1. ^ (朝鲜语) 주요 한식명(200개) 로마자 표기 및 번역(영, 중, 일) 표준안 (PDF). 韩国国立国语院. 2014-07-30 [2017-02-15]. 
  2. ^ Kimbap, excerpt from Andrew J. Luxner's American English: A Teachers's Journey in Seoul, South Korea. Golden Hill Books, San Diego. ISBN 0-9760748-1-8
  3. ^ Gimbap, 斗山世界大百科(韓文)
  4. ^ Gimbap 互联网档案馆存檔,存档日期2012-03-24., Encyclopedia of Korean Culture(韓文)
  5. ^ Levinson, David; Christensen, Karen. Encyclopedia of Modern Asia: China-India relations to Hyogo. Charles Scribner's Sons. 2002. ISBN 0-684-80617-7. This process was initiated during the Japanese occupation (1910-1945), when Western food and drink, such as bread, confectionery, and beer, became popular in Korean cities, and a Western-style food processing industry in Korea began. Some Japanese food items were also adopted into Korean cuisine at that time, such as tosirak (the assorted lunch box) and sushi rolled in sheets of seaweed, which was popular in Korea under the name of kimbap. 
  6. ^ Brunner, Anne. Algas/ Algae: Sabores Marinos Para Cocinar/ Marine Flavors for Cooking. Editorial HISPANO EUROPEA. 2011. ISBN 84-255-1977-2 (西班牙语). En Corea, los gimbaps son derivados de los maki sushis japoneses, pero generalmente están rellenos de arroz con aceite de sésamo y carne. [In Korea, gimbaps are derived from the Japanese maki sushi, but they are usually stuffed with rice with sesame oil and meat.] 
  7. ^ 김밥 [Gimbap]. 한국민족문화대백과[Encyclopedia of Korean National Culture]. (原始内容存档于24 March 2012) (韩语). 일본음식 김초밥에서 유래된 것으로 [(Gimbap is) derived from Japanese norimaki] 
  8. ^ 국립국어연구원 [National Institute of Korean languages]. 우리 문화 길라 잡이: 한국인 이 꼭 알아야할 전통 문화 233가지 [Guide To Our Culture: 233 kinds of Korean traditional culture for you to know]. 학고재 [Hakgojae]. 2002: 479. ISBN 89-85846-97-3 (韩语). 일본 음식인 김초밥 에서 유래 한 것으로 [(Gimbap is) derived from Japanese norimaki] 
  9. ^ Gimbap. Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism Korea. (原始内容存档于2016年6月6日) (韩语). 일본음식에서 유래된 것으로 [(海苔飯捲)由日式食物演變而來 ]