- 阿尔及利亚的阿卜杜勒-阿齐兹·布特弗利卡政權 (1999–)
- 安哥拉的安哥拉人民解放运动政權 (1975–)
- 阿塞拜疆的盖达尔·阿利耶夫 (1993-2003)和伊利哈姆·阿利耶夫(2003–)政權
- 巴林 under the House of Khalifa (1746–)
- 白俄羅斯 under Alexander Lukashenko (1994–) on account of Lukashenko's self-described authoritarian style of government
- 波斯尼亚和黑塞哥维那 / 塞族共和國 under Milorad Dodik (2006–)
- 布隆迪 under Pierre Nkurunziza (2005–)
- 柬埔寨 under the Khmer Rouge and Hun Sen (1985–)
- 喀麦隆 under Paul Biya (1982–)
- 乍得 under Idriss Deby (1990–)
- 中华人民共和国 under the Communist Party of China (1949–) “Some scholars have deemed the Chinese system a 'fragmented authoritarianism' (Lieberthal), a 'negotiated state' or a 'consultative authoritarian regime'" According to research by John Kennedy at al. (2018), Chinese citizens with higher education tend to participate less in local elections and have lower levels of democratic values when compared to those with only compulsory education.
- 刚果（金） under Mobutu Sese Seko, Laurent-Désiré and Joseph Kabila (1965–)
- 刚果（布） under Denis Sassou Nguesso (1997–)
- 古巴 under the Communist Party of Cuba (1959–)
- 埃及 under Hosni Mubarak (1981–2011) and Abdel Fattah el-Sisi (2014–)
- 赤道几内亚 under Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (1979–)
- 厄立特里亚 under Isaias Afwerki (1993–)
- 衣索比亞 under Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (1991–)
- 加彭 under Omar Bongo and Ali Bongo Ondimba (1967–)
- 匈牙利 under Viktor Orbán (2010–) has recently moved more towards illiberalism
- 伊朗 under Ruhollah Khomeini and Ali Khamenei (1981–) Linz wrote in 2000 that "it is difficult to fit the Iranian regime into the existing typology, as it combines the ideological bent of totalitarianism with the limited pluralism of authoritarianism and holds regular elections in which candidates advocating differing policies and incumbents are often defeated"
- 约旦 under Abdullah II bin Al-Hussein
- 哈萨克斯坦 under Nursultan Nazarbayev
- 老挝 under the Lao People's Revolutionary Party (1975–)
- 摩洛哥 under Mohammed VI
- 蒙特內哥羅 under Milo Đukanović and DPS
- 朝鲜 under the rule of the Kim dynasty and the Korean Workers' Party (1947–)
- 阿曼 under Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said
- 卡塔尔 under the House of Thani
- 俄羅斯聯邦 under Vladimir Putin and Dmitry Medvedev (1999–) (see Putinism for more) has tendencies towards of authoritarianism, described by some as "really a mixture of authoritarianism and managed democracy"
- 卢旺达 under Paul Kagame (2000–)
- 塞爾維亞 under Aleksandar Vučić (2012–)
- 新加坡 is considered authoritarian, especially under the Lee Kuan Yew until 2015.
- 沙烏地阿拉伯 under the House of Saud (1744–)
- 南蘇丹 under Salva Kiir Mayardit (2011–)
- 苏丹 under Omar al-Bashir (1989–)
- 叙利亚 under Hafez and Bashar al-Assad (1970–)
- 塔吉克斯坦 under Emomali Rahmon (1994–)
- 泰國 under General Prayut Chan-o-cha who overthrew the democratically elected government of Yingluck Shinawatra in a military coup and installed a military junta to oversee the governance of Thailand (2014–)
- 土耳其 under Recep Tayyip Erdogan (2003–) described as a “competitive authoritarian regime”
- 土库曼斯坦 under Saparmurat Niyazov (1991–2006) and Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow (2006–)
- 阿联酋 under the six royal families of the United Arab Emirates (10 February 1972–)
- 乌干达 since independence (1964–)
- 乌兹别克斯坦 under Islam Karimov (1989–2016) and Shavkat Mirziyoyev (2016-)
- 委內瑞拉 under Hugo Chávez and Nicolás Maduro (1999–)
- 越南 under the Vietnamese Communist Party (1976–)
Examples of states which were historically authoritarian include
- Authoritarianism. Encyclopædia Britannica. 大英線上英文版. 2013.
authoritarianism, principle of blind submission to authority, as opposed to individual freedom of thought and action. In government, authoritarianism denotes any political system that concentrates power in the hands of a leader or a small elite that is not constitutionally responsible to the body of the people. Authoritarian leaders often exercise power arbitrarily and without regard to existing bodies of law, and they usually cannot be replaced by citizens choosing freely among various competitors in elections. The freedom to create opposition political parties or other alternative political groupings with which to compete for power with the ruling group is either limited or nonexistent in authoritarian regimes
- 獨裁主義；權威主義 authoritarianism. 雙語詞彙資料庫 學術名詞資訊網 辭書資訊網. 國家教育研究院. 2012.
- Freedom in the World Algeria Report. [19 April 2018].
- Freedom in the World Angola Report. [19 April 2018].
- Vincent, Rebecca. When the music dies: Azerbaijan one year after Eurovision. Al Jazeera. 19 May 2013 [10 June 2013].
Over the past several years, Azerbaijan has become increasingly authoritarian, as the authorities have used tactics such as harassment, intimidation, blackmail, attack and imprisonment to silence the regime’s critics, whether journalists, bloggers, human rights defenders, political activists or ordinary people taking to the streets in protest.
- Nebil Husayn, Authoritarianism in Bahrain: Motives, Methods and Challenges, AMSS 41st Annual Conference (September 29, 2012); Parliamentary Elections and Authoritarian Rule in Bahrain (January 13, 2011), Stanford University
- Rausing, Sigrid. Belarus: inside Europe’s last dictatorship. The Guardian (London). 7 October 2012 [7 August 2014].
- Belarus’s Lukashenko: "Better a dictator than gay". Berlin. Reuters. 4 March 2012.
...German Foreign Minister's branding him 'Europe's last dictator'
- Profile: Alexander Lukashenko. BBC News (BBC). 9 January 2007 [7 August 2014].
'..an authoritarian ruling style is characteristic of me [Lukashenko]'
- Essential Background – Belarus. Human Rights Watch. 2005 [26 March 2006].
- Human rights by country – Belarus. Amnesty International Report 2007. Amnesty International. 2007 [22 December 2007]. （原始内容存档于12 December 2007）.
- Bieber, Florian. Patterns of competitive authoritarianism in the Western Balkans. East European Politics. July 2018, 38 (3): 337–54. doi:10.1080/21599165.2018.1490272.
- Milorad Dodik Wants to Carve Up Bosnia. Peacefully, if Possible. The New York Times. 16 February 2018 [5 January 2019].
- Correction: Bosnia-Journalist Beaten story. Associated Press. 28 September 2018 [5 January 2019].
- Freedom in the World Burundi Report. [19 April 2018].
- Elisabeth Bumiller. In Cambodia, Panetta Reaffirms Ties With Authoritarian Government. The New York Times. November 16, 2012.
- Freedom House. Freedom in the World 2016: Anxious Dictators, Wavering Democracies: Global Freedom Under Pressure (PDF). 2016.
- Amnesty International Report 2009: State of the World's Human Rights. Amnesty International. 2009. （原始内容存档于2011-10-08）.
- Freedom in the World Chad Report. [19 April 2018].
- Ming Xia, China Rises Companion: Political Governance, The New York Times. See also Cheng Li, The End of the CCP’s Resilient Authoritarianism? A Tripartite Assessment of Shifting Power in China (September 2012), The China Quarterly, Vol. 211; Perry Link and Joshua Kurlantzick, China's Modern Authoritarianism (May 25, 2009), The Wall Street Journal; Ariana Eunjung Cha, China, Cuba, Other Authoritarian Regimes Censor News From Iran (June 27, 2009), The Washington Post.
- Kennedy, John; Nagao, Haruka; Liu, Hongyan. Voting and Values: Grassroots Elections in Rural and Urban China. Politics and Governance. 2018, 6 (2): 90. doi:10.17645/pag.v6i2.1331.
- Freedom in the World Democratic Republic of Congo Report. [19 April 2018].
- Freedom in the World Republic of Congo Report. [19 April 2018].
- Ariana Eunjung Cha, China, Cuba, Other Authoritarian Regimes Censor News From Iran (June 27, 2009), The Washington Post; Shanthi Kalathil and Taylor Boas, Internet and State Control in Authoritarian Regimes: China, Cuba and the Counterrevolution (July 16, 2001), Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
- Amr Adly, The Economics of Egypt’s Rising Authoritarian Order, Carnegie Middle East Center, June 18, 2014; Nathan J. Brown & Katie Bentivoglio, Egypt's Resurgent Authoritarianism: It's a Way of Life, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, October 9, 2014; Roula Khalaf, Sisi’s Egypt: The march of the security state, Financial Times (December 19, 2016); Peter Hessler, Egypt's Failed Revolution, New Yorker, January 2, 2017.
- Freedom in the World Equatorial Guinea Report. [19 April 2018].
- Freedom in the World Eritea Report. [19 April 2018].
- Freedom in the World Ethiopia Report. [19 April 2018].
- Freedom in the World Gabon Report. [19 April 2018].
- Viktor Orbán Is Exploiting Anti-Semitism. Ira Forman, The Atlantic, 14 December 2018
- Mehrdad Kia, id=BaE3AAAAQBAJ&pg=PA75#v=onepage&q&f=false The Making of Modern Authoritarianism in Contemporary Iran, in Modern Middle East Authoritarianism: Roots, Ramifications, and Crisis (Routledge: 2013; eds. Noureddine Jebnoun, Mehrdad Kia & Mimi Kirk), pp. 75–76.
- Juan José Linz, Totalitarian and Authoritarian Regimes (Lynne Rienner, 2000), p. 36.
- Yom, Sean. Why Jordan and Morocco are doubling down on royal rule. Washington Post. 16 May 2017.
- Beckert, Jen. "Communitarianism." International Encyclopedia of Economic Sociology. London: Routledge, 2006. 81.
- Governance of Morocco. Fanack.com.
- Morocco: The Promise of Democracy and the Reality of Authoritarianism. IAI Istituto Affari Internazionali. 27 April 2016 （意大利语）.
- Montenegro's Prime Minister Resigns, Perhaps Bolstering Country's E.U. Hopes. The New York Times. 26 October 2016 [12 December 2018].
- Montenegro's Djukanovic Declares Victory In Presidential Election. Radio Free Europe. 16 April 2018 [12 December 2018].
- Djukanovic si riprende il Montenegro con la benedizione di Bruxelles. eastwest.eu. 17 April 2018 [12 December 2018].
- Đukanović - posljednji autokrat Balkana. Deutsche Welle. 18 June 2013 [12 December 2018].
- Montenegro veteran PM Djukanovic to run for presidency. France 24. 19 March 2018 [12 December 2018].
- Daniel Byman, Pyongyang’s Survival Strategy: Tools of Authoritarian Control in North Korea, International Security, Vol. 35, issue 1, pp. 44–74 (Summer 2010); Chico Harlan, In authoritarian North Korea, hints of reform, The Washington Post, September 3, 2012.
- Dictators Continue to Score in International Sporting Events. Freedom House.
- Nikolay Petrov and Michael McFaul, The Essence of Putin's Managed Democracy (October 18, 2005), Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; Tom Parfitt, Billionaire tycoon Mikhail Prokhorov who is running in the 4 March election says it is time for evolution not revolution (January 11, 2012), The Guardian; Richard Denton, Russia's 'managed democracy' (May 11, 2006), BBC News.
- Nations in Transit 2014 – Russia. Freedom House.
- The Myth of the Authoritarian Model – How Putin's Crackdown Holds Russia Back (PDF). The Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, Stanford. [2014-10-05]. （原始内容 (PDF)存档于2014-10-06）.
- Freedom in the World Rwanda Report. [19 April 2018].
- Serbia election: Pro-EU Prime Minister Vucic claims victory. BBC. 24 April 2016 [12 December 2018].
- A Serbian Election Erodes Democracy. The New York Times. 9 April 2017 [12 December 2018].
- Thousands march against Serbian president's autocratic rule. The Washington Post. 8 December 2018 [12 December 2018].
- Eror, Aleks. How Aleksandar Vucic Became Europe's Favorite Autocrat. Foreign Policy. 9 Marck 2018 [12 December 2018].
- Lee Kuan Yew leaves a legacy of authoritarian pragmatism. [5 May 2017].
- January 5, 2017 Fear, smear and the paradox of authoritarian politics in Singapore. [5 May 2017].
- Toby Craig Jones, Desert Kingdom: How Oil and Water Forged Modern Saudi Arabia (2011), Harvard University Press, pp. 5, 14–15; Kira D. Baiasu, Sustaining Authoritarian Rule 互联网档案馆的存檔，存档日期January 2, 2013，. Fall 2009, Volume 10, Issue 1 (September 30, 2009), Northwestern Journal of International Affairs.
- Freedom in the World South Sudan Report. [19 April 2018].
- Heydemann, Steven; Leenders, Reinoud. Middle East Authoritarianisms: Governance, Contestation, and Regime Resilience in Syria and Iran. Stanford University Press. 2013: 13. ISBN 978-0804793339.
- Freedom in the World Tajikistan Report. [19 April 2018].
- Jakubowski, Andrzej. Cultural Rights as Collective Rights: An International Law Perspective. Brill – Nijhoff. 2016: 196. ISBN 978-9004312012.
- Berk Esena & Sebnem Gumuscub, Rising competitive authoritarianism in Turkey, Third World Quarterly (February 19, 2016). doi:10.1080/01436597.2015.1135732; Ramazan Kılınç, Turkey: from conservative democracy to popular authoritarianism, openDemocracy (December 5, 2015).
- Turkmenistan. hrw.org. [4 September 2016].
- The dark side of the United Arab Emirates. newint.org. 7 September 2015 [22 October 2017].
- United Arab Emirates profile. 29 August 2017 [22 October 2017] –通过www.bbc.com.
- Freedom in the World Uganda Report. [19 April 2018].
- Neil J. Melvin, Uzbekistan: Transition to Authoritarianism on the Silk Road (Harwood Academic, 2000), pp. 28–30.
- Shahram Akbarzadeh, "Post-Soviet Central Asia: The Limits of Islam" in Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries: Between Upheaval and Continuity (Oxford University Press, 2012: eds. Rainer Grote & Tilmann J. Röder), p. 428.
- Human Rights Watch, Venezuela: Chávez’s Authoritarian Legacy: Dramatic Concentration of Power and Open Disregard for Basic Human Rights, March 5, 2013; Kurt Weyland, Latin America's Authoritarian Drift: The Threat from the Populist Left, Journal of Democracy, Vol. 24, No. 3 (July 2013), pp. 18–32.
- Thomas Fuller, In Hard Times, Open Dissent and Repression Rise in Vietnam (April 23, 2013), The New York Times
- Todd L. Edwards, Argentina: A Global Studies Handbook (2008), pp. 45–46; Steven E. Sanderson, The Politics of Trade in Latin American Development (1992), Stanford University Press, p. 133; William C. Smith, Reflections on the Political Economy of Authoritarian Rule and Capitalist Reorganization in Contemporary Argentina, in Generals in Retreat: The Crisis of Military Rule in Latin America (1985), eds. Philip J. O'Brien & Paul A. Cammack, Manchester University Press.
- Guillermo A. O'Donnell, Bureaucratic Authoritarianism: Argentina, 1966–1973, in Comparative Perspective (University of California Press, 1988); James M. Malloy, Authoritarianism and Corporatism in Latin America: The Modal Pattern, in Democracy in Latin America: Patterns and Cycles (1996; ed. Roderic A. Camp), p. 122; Howard J. Wiards, Corporatism and Comparative Politics: The Other Great "ism" (1997), pp. 113–14.
- James M. Malloy, Authoritarianism and Corporatism in Latin America: The Modal Pattern, in Democracy in Latin America: Patterns and Cycles (ed. Roderic A. Camp), p. 122; Thomas E. Skidmore, The Political Economy of Policy-making in Authoritarian Brazil, 1967–70, in Generals in Retreat: The Crisis of Military Rule in Latin America (1985), eds. Philip J. O'Brien & Paul A. Cammack, Manchester University Press.
- Thomas Carothers, Q&A: Is Burma Democratizing? (April 2, 2012), Carnegie Endowment for International Peace; President Discusses Burma/Myanmar in Transition at World Affairs Council Sacramento (April 3, 2013), Asia Foundation; Louise Arbour, In Myanmar, Sanctions Have Had Their Day (March 5, 2012), The New York Times.
- Steven E. Sanderson, The Politics of Trade in Latin American Development (1992), Stanford University Press, p. 133; Carlos Huneeus, Political Mass Mobilization Against Authoritarian Rule: Pinochet's Chile, 1983–88, in Civil Resistance and Power Politics:The Experience of Non-violent Action from Gandhi to the Present (2009), Oxford University Press (eds. Adam Roberts & Timothy Garton Ash).
- Franjo Tudjman, Authoritarian leader whose communist past and nationalist obsessions fuelled his ruthless pursuit of an independent Croatia. The Guardian. 13 December 1999 [5 January 2019].
- Franjo Tuđman. Encyclopædia Britannica. [5 January 2019].
- Maye Kassem, Egyptian Politics: The Dynamics of Authoritarian Rule (2004); Andrea M. Perkins, Mubarak's Machine: The Durability of the Authoritarian Regime in Egypt (M.A. thesis, April 8, 2010, University of South Florida).
- Gaddafi's 41-Year-Long Rule, The Washington Post; Martin Asser, The Muammar Gaddafi Story (October 21, 2011), BBC News; Alistair Dawber, One Libyan in three wants return to authoritarian rule (February 16, 2012), Independent.
- Misiunas, Romuald J. Fascist Tendencies in Lithuania. Slavonic and East European Review. 1970, 48 (110): 88–109. JSTOR 4206165.
- Matthew Brunwasser, Concerns Grow About Authoritarianism in Macedonia, The New York Times, October 13, 2011.
- Andrew MacDowall, Fears for Macedonia's fragile democracy amid 'coup' and wiretap claims, The Guardian, February 27, 2015.
- Pinto, António Costa. Authoritarian legacies, transitional justice and state crisis in Portugal's democratization. Democratization. 2006, 13 (2): 173–204. doi:10.1080/13510340500523895. Working paper.
- Richard Gunther, The Spanish Model Revisited, in The Politics and Memory of Democratic Transition: The Spanish Model, (eds. Diego Muro & Gregorio Alonso), Taylor & Francis 2010, p. 19.
- Tracy Kuperus, Building a Pluralist Democracy: An Examination of Religious Associations in South Africa and Zimbabwe, in Race and Reconciliation in South Africa: A Multicultural Dialogue in Comparative Perspective (eds. William E. Van Vugt & G. Daan Cloete), Lexington Books, 2000.
- The South Africa Reader: History, Culture, Politics (eds. Clifton Crais & Thomas V. McClendon; Duke University Press, 2014), p. 279.
- The Other R.O.K.: Memories of Authoritarianism in Democratic South Korea (October 11, 2011), Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Sangmook Lee, Democratic Transition and the Consolidation of Democracy in South Korea 互联网档案馆的存檔，存档日期December 24, 2012，. July 2007, Taiwan Journal of Democracy, Volume 3, No. 1, pp. 99–125.
- Hyug Baeg Im, The Rise of Bureaucratic Authoritarianism in South Korea, World Politics Vol. 39, Issue 2 (January 1987), pp. 231–57
- Leng, Shao-chuan; Lin, Cheng-yi. Political Change on Taiwan: Transition to Democracy?. The China Quarterly. 1993, 136 (136): 805–39. ISSN 0305-7410. JSTOR 655592. doi:10.1017/S0305741000032343. .; Shirley A. Kan, Congressional Research Service, Democratic Reforms in Taiwan: Issues for Congress (May 26, 2010); Taiwan's Electoral Politics and Democratic Transition: Riding the Third Wave (1996), eds. Charles Chi-Hsiang Chang & Hung-Mao Tien; Edward S. Steinfeld, Playing Our Game:Why China's Rise Doesn't Threaten the West (2010), Oxford University Press, pp. 217–22.
- Erik J. Zürcher, Turkey: A Modern History (I.B. Tauris: rev. ed. 1997), pp. 176–206.
- Ayse Gül Altinay, The Myth of the Military-Nation: Militarism, Gender, and Education in Turkey (Palgrave Macmillan, 2004), pp. 19–20.
- Andjelic, Neven. Bosnia-Herzegovina: The End of a Legacy. Frank Cass. 2003: 36. ISBN 978-0-7146-5485-0.
- McGoldrick 2000, p. 17.
- Milosevic: Serbia's fallen strongmany. BBC. 30 March 2001 [12 December 2018].
- Pribićević. "Serbia—From Authoritarian Regime to Democracy." Serbian Studies: Journal of the North American Society for Serbian Studies. Project MUSE.
- Daniel Compagnon, A Predictable Tragedy: Robert Mugabe and the Collapse of Zimbabwe (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011).