欧拉-雅可比伪素数

欧拉-雅可比伪素数(英語:Euler–Jacobi pseudoprime)是伪素数的一种。对于奇合数n以及与其互素的自然数a,如果

成立(其中雅可比符号),则称n为关于a的欧拉-雅可比伪素数,或简称为欧拉伪素数。

欧拉-雅可比伪素数是欧拉伪素数的推广,所有欧拉-雅可比伪素数同时也是费马伪素数与欧拉伪素数。由于上式对所有素数都成立,因而可以用其进行概率素性检验,其可靠性是费马素性检验的两倍多。此外,与绝对费马伪素数(卡迈克尔数)与绝对欧拉伪素数不同的是,不存在绝对欧拉-雅可比伪素数,即不存在关于所有与n互素的a都是欧拉-雅可比伪素数的n。可以证明,对于n,至少存在n/2个小于nan不是欧拉-雅可比伪素数。

关于2的最小欧拉-雅可比伪素数是561。而在小于25·109的数中,共有11347个关于2的欧拉-雅可比伪素数(参见OEISA047713))。[1]

示例编辑

n 关于n的欧拉-雅可比伪素数
1 9, 15, 21, 25, 27, 33, 35, 39, 45, 49, 51, 55, 57, 63, 65, 69, 75, 77, 81, 85, 87, 91, 93, 95, 99, 105, 111, 115, 117, 119, 121, 123, 125, 129, 133, 135, 141, 143, 145, 147, 153, 155, 159, 161, 165, 169, 171, 175, 177, 183, 185, 187, 189, 195, 201, 203, 205, 207, 209, 213, 215, 217, 219, 221, 225, 231, 235, 237, 243, 245, 247, 249, 253, 255, 259, 261, 265, 267, 273, 275, 279, 285, 287, 289, 291, 295, 297, 299, ...
2 561, 1105, 1729, 1905, 2047, 2465, 3277, 4033, 4681, 6601, 8321, 8481, 10585, 12801, 15841, 16705, 18705, 25761, 29341, 30121, 33153, 34945, 41041, 42799, 46657, 49141, 52633, 62745, 65281, 74665, 75361, 80581, 85489, 87249, 88357, 90751, ...
3 121, 703, 1729, 1891, 2821, 3281, 7381, 8401, 8911, 10585, 12403, 15457, 15841, 16531, 18721, 19345, 23521, 24661, 28009, 29341, 31621, 41041, 44287, 46657, 47197, 49141, 50881, 52633, 55969, 63139, 63973, 74593, 75361, 79003, 82513, 87913, 88573, 93961, 97567, ...
4 341, 561, 645, 1105, 1387, 1729, 1905, 2047, 2465, 2701, 2821, 3277, 4033, 4369, 4371, 4681, 5461, 6601, 7957, 8321, 8481, 8911, 10261, 10585, 11305, 12801, 13741, 13747, 13981, 14491, 15709, 15841, 16705, 18705, 18721, 19951, 23001, 23377, 25761, 29341, 30121, 30889, 31417, 31609, 31621, 33153, 34945, 35333, 39865, 41041, 41665, 42799, 46657, 49141, 49981, 52633, 55245, 57421, 60701, 60787, 62745, 63973, 65077, 65281, 68101, 72885, 74665, 75361, 80581, 83333, 83665, 85489, 87249, 88357, 88561, 90751, 91001, 93961, ...
5 781, 1541, 1729, 5461, 5611, 6601, 7449, 7813, 11041, 12801, 13021, 14981, 15751, 15841, 21361, 24211, 25351, 29539, 38081, 40501, 41041, 44801, 47641, 53971, 67921, 75361, 79381, 90241, ...
6 217, 481, 1111, 1261, 1729, 2701, 3589, 3913, 5713, 6533, 10585, 11041, 11137, 14701, 15841, 17329, 18361, 20017, 21049, 29341, 34441, 39493, 41041, 43621, 46657, 46873, 49141, 49321, 49661, 52633, 54481, 58969, 74023, 74563, 75361, 76921, 83333, 83665, 87061, 88561, 92053, 94657, 94697, 97751, 97921, ...
7 25, 325, 703, 2101, 2353, 2465, 3277, 4525, 11041, 13665, 14089, 19345, 20197, 29857, 29891, 38081, 39331, 46657, 49241, 58825, 64681, 76627, 78937, 79381, 87673, 88399, 88831, 89961, 92929, ...
8 9, 65, 105, 273, 481, 511, 561, 585, 1001, 1105, 1281, 1417, 1729, 1905, 2047, 2465, 2501, 3201, 3277, 3641, 4033, 4097, 4641, 4681, 4921, 6305, 6601, 7161, 8321, 8481, 9265, 10585, 10745, 11041, 12545, 12801, 13833, 14497, 15665, 15841, 16589, 16705, 16881, 17865, 18705, 19345, 19561, 20801, 23241, 24311, 24929, 25761, 29341, 30121, 32865, 33153, 33201, 34881, 34945, 35113, 37401, 38081, 40833, 41041, 41441, 42799, 43745, 45761, 46657, 49141, 49601, 50881, 52429, 52521, 52633, 52801, 54161, 55537, 55969, 56033, 57681, 59291, 59641, 61337, 62745, 64201, 65281, 65793, 66197, 69345, 69921, 73801, 74023, 74665, 75361, 77161, 80581, 85281, 85489, 87061, 87249, 88357, 90751, 92929, 94657, 95281, 96321, 97921, ...
9 91, 121, 671, 703, 949, 1105, 1541, 1729, 1891, 2465, 2665, 2701, 2821, 3281, 3367, 3751, 4961, 5551, 6601, 7381, 8401, 8911, 10585, 11011, 12403, 14383, 15203, 15457, 15841, 16471, 16531, 18721, 19345, 23521, 24661, 24727, 28009, 29161, 29341, 30857, 31621, 31697, 32791, 38503, 41041, 44287, 46657, 46999, 47197, 49051, 49141, 50881, 52633, 53131, 55261, 55969, 63139, 63973, 65485, 68887, 72041, 74593, 75361, 76627, 79003, 82513, 83333, 83665, 87913, 88561, 88573, 88831, 90751, 93961, 96139, 97567, ...
10 9, 91, 481, 1729, 4187, 6533, 6601, 8149, 8401, 10001, 11111, 11169, 11649, 12801, 15841, 19201, 20961, 21931, 24013, 34441, 41041, 50851, 50881, 63973, 69921, 75361, 79003, 83119, 94139, 95161, 97681, ...
11 133, 793, 2047, 2465, 4577, 4921, 5041, 5185, 12403, 13333, 14521, 15841, 17711, 18705, 23377, 34945, 43213, 43739, 47611, 48283, 49105, 49141, 49601, 50737, 50997, 55537, 56057, 57929, 58969, 62745, 68137, 74089, 85879, 86347, 87913, 88831, 94945, ...
12 91, 133, 145, 247, 385, 1649, 1729, 2041, 2233, 2821, 3553, 8911, 9073, 10585, 12673, 13051, 13333, 13345, 13585, 14905, 15841, 16471, 18721, 19517, 20737, 20881, 21361, 24013, 24727, 25681, 26467, 26785, 27985, 29341, 29539, 30745, 31483, 31621, 33553, 34219, 34861, 35881, 37345, 38311, 38503, 38665, 40321, 41041, 46657, 49141, 52633, 53083, 59185, 61309, 63973, 65569, 66637, 67861, 74305, 75361, 78793, 79381, 79501, 80185, 87841, 88705, 88831, 89089, 93961, 97351, ...
13 85, 105, 1099, 1785, 5149, 7107, 8841, 8911, 9577, 9637, 13019, 14491, 15505, 17803, 19757, 20881, 22177, 23521, 26521, 30073, 30889, 35371, 44173, 45629, 49105, 54097, 56033, 57205, 70801, 75241, 82733, 83333, 85285, 86347, 87681, 91001, ...
14 15, 65, 793, 841, 2465, 2743, 3277, 5713, 6541, 7171, 7449, 7585, 9073, 12545, 15457, 18721, 21667, 22261, 23521, 34441, 38221, 38417, 40385, 40501, 41371, 46657, 49471, 58255, 68401, 71969, 79003, 88381, 90241, 91681, 95033, 96049, 97469, ...
15 1687, 1729, 1921, 3277, 6541, 14041, 14701, 15409, 15841, 19201, 25313, 31021, 41041, 47461, 49241, 50401, 54241, 54649, 58969, 60691, 67249, 73801, 75361, 82733, 88831, 97921, ...
16 15, 85, 91, 341, 435, 451, 561, 645, 703, 1105, 1247, 1271, 1387, 1581, 1695, 1729, 1891, 1905, 2047, 2071, 2465, 2701, 2821, 3133, 3277, 3367, 3683, 4033, 4369, 4371, 4681, 4795, 4859, 5461, 5551, 6601, 6643, 7957, 8321, 8481, 8695, 8911, 9061, 9131, 9211, 9605, 9919, 10261, 10585, 11305, 12403, 12801, 13019, 13741, 13747, 13981, 14351, 14491, 14701, 15051, 15211, 15709, 15841, 16021, 16471, 16705, 18705, 18721, 19669, 19951, 20191, 20485, 23001, 23377, 24727, 25351, 25761, 26335, 26599, 27511, 28645, 29341, 30121, 30889, 31417, 31609, 31621, 33153, 33227, 33355, 34945, 35333, 38503, 39865, 40501, 40951, 41041, 41665, 42121, 42127, 42799, 45551, 45991, 46513, 46657, 47197, 47611, 48599, 49141, 49155, 49981, 50737, 51319, 52633, 53131, 55245, 57421, 60701, 60787, 61447, 62745, 63973, 64821, 65077, 65281, 68101, 68251, 72631, 72885, 73555, 74563, 74665, 75361, 76627, 76921, 77879, 78013, 79003, 80581, 81631, 81915, 83333, 83665, 85489, 87249, 88357, 88561, 88831, 90751, 91001, 92701, 93961, 98671, ...
17 9, 91, 145, 781, 1111, 1305, 2821, 4033, 4187, 5365, 5833, 6697, 7171, 12673, 15805, 19345, 19729, 21781, 22791, 24211, 26245, 31621, 33001, 33227, 34441, 35371, 38081, 42127, 46657, 49771, 62745, 71071, 74665, 77293, 78881, 80185, 88831, 93961, 96433, 97921, 98671, ...
18 25, 49, 65, 325, 343, 425, 1105, 1225, 1369, 1387, 1729, 1921, 2465, 2977, 4577, 5725, 5833, 5941, 6305, 6601, 7345, 10585, 11305, 11425, 12025, 15505, 15793, 15841, 18631, 19465, 22393, 22411, 27937, 28153, 29341, 30457, 30889, 35425, 39817, 39865, 40501, 41041, 41159, 43225, 46657, 49141, 50737, 52633, 54145, 60385, 60685, 60691, 74425, 75361, 80137, 84721, 89425, 90113, 90751, 91001, 94129, 99451, 99937, ...
19 9, 45, 49, 169, 343, 1849, 2353, 2701, 3201, 4033, 4681, 6541, 6697, 7957, 8281, 9997, 12403, 13213, 13747, 13833, 15251, 16531, 18769, 19201, 19729, 24761, 30589, 31621, 31861, 32477, 34945, 37681, 41003, 41041, 47593, 49141, 49771, 59585, 63139, 64681, 65161, 66421, 68257, 73555, 75361, 96049, ...
20 21, 671, 889, 1281, 1729, 1891, 2059, 2761, 3201, 5461, 6601, 7999, 12801, 13051, 15311, 15841, 16441, 21667, 25681, 31369, 34861, 35169, 37901, 38989, 41041, 42127, 49771, 50737, 52521, 54811, 57981, 64681, 68251, 75361, 78961, 85591, 86241, 88831, 89281, 92509, 93031, 96049, 97921, ...
21 221, 703, 793, 1045, 3781, 7363, 9061, 10945, 11647, 13051, 17767, 19345, 19669, 19909, 22681, 27133, 30073, 30745, 31021, 35785, 38503, 38665, 41353, 43213, 46657, 58829, 79081, 80137, 83569, 85285, 88357, 92509, 96049, ...
22 21, 91, 169, 345, 485, 1183, 1247, 2047, 2465, 5551, 7665, 10465, 11557, 14111, 15229, 15841, 16393, 17169, 17767, 18705, 19909, 20881, 21667, 23651, 31417, 33465, 34945, 38503, 47197, 49141, 53131, 62745, 64907, 70579, 72581, 76921, 88705, 89281, 90851, 98385, 99541, ...
23 169, 265, 553, 1271, 1729, 2465, 2701, 4033, 4371, 4681, 6533, 6541, 7189, 7957, 8321, 8651, 8911, 9805, 11713, 14905, 14981, 18721, 19513, 19517, 20801, 25201, 28897, 31861, 34133, 38665, 41041, 44173, 44785, 46657, 47611, 47783, 50737, 52633, 57401, 62849, 75361, 80401, 82513, 86101, 93457, 96049, ...
24 25, 175, 553, 949, 1541, 1729, 1825, 1975, 2701, 4537, 6931, 7501, 9361, 10465, 10585, 12025, 13825, 14425, 15025, 15841, 19345, 19513, 21349, 25201, 25273, 25477, 29185, 29341, 29665, 35425, 38323, 40369, 41041, 42121, 42127, 43873, 46657, 47617, 49141, 50881, 52417, 52633, 55969, 63701, 75361, 80137, 83333, 83665, 85609, 88561, 89281, 94753, ...
25 217, 561, 781, 1541, 1729, 1891, 2821, 4123, 5461, 5611, 5731, 6601, 7449, 7813, 8029, 8911, 9881, 11041, 12801, 13021, 13333, 13981, 14981, 15751, 15841, 16297, 17767, 21361, 22791, 23653, 24211, 25327, 25351, 29341, 29539, 30673, 32021, 35371, 36661, 36991, 38081, 40501, 41041, 42127, 44173, 44801, 45141, 46657, 47641, 48133, 50737, 50997, 52633, 53083, 53971, 56033, 58807, 63973, 67921, 68101, 68251, 75361, 79381, 88831, 90241, 98173, ...
26 9, 25, 27, 45, 217, 225, 475, 703, 925, 1065, 3825, 5041, 5425, 8029, 9073, 11005, 11041, 13833, 16725, 17575, 23653, 24073, 24727, 25299, 25425, 31651, 33227, 35881, 47197, 55537, 60701, 61975, 63025, 68251, 70561, 76627, 79003, 85321, 91525, 93961, 95051, 96641, ...
27 121, 133, 259, 365, 481, 703, 1649, 1729, 1891, 2821, 3281, 4033, 4921, 5461, 7381, 7585, 8401, 8911, 9809, 9841, 9881, 10585, 11041, 12403, 13019, 13073, 13333, 15457, 15841, 16021, 16531, 18721, 19345, 21901, 23521, 24661, 26467, 26599, 27265, 28009, 29341, 29891, 31609, 31621, 35113, 35371, 37969, 41041, 44287, 46657, 47197, 48133, 49141, 50171, 50881, 52633, 52801, 55537, 55969, 58201, 59641, 63139, 63973, 69469, 74023, 74593, 75361, 79003, 79381, 82513, 82853, 87061, 87913, 88573, 92509, 92833, 92929, 93961, 94657, 97567, 97921, 98881, ...
28 9, 27, 261, 361, 529, 785, 1431, 2041, 2465, 3201, 3277, 4699, 5149, 7065, 8401, 13357, 13833, 14981, 17767, 27133, 28009, 31753, 32551, 33227, 35443, 36801, 38503, 43213, 46657, 50737, 58969, 68143, 80137, 81317, 82513, 88705, 96139, 97567, 97831, ...
29 15, 91, 341, 469, 871, 2257, 4371, 4411, 5149, 5185, 6097, 8401, 8841, 11581, 12431, 15577, 15841, 16471, 19093, 22281, 25681, 27613, 28009, 29539, 31417, 33001, 41041, 46657, 48133, 49141, 54913, 57889, 79003, 98301, ...
30 49, 133, 341, 403, 637, 871, 901, 931, 1729, 2059, 2077, 3277, 4081, 4097, 6031, 6409, 8023, 8401, 9881, 11041, 11809, 15841, 17593, 24929, 26599, 27001, 27133, 30889, 33227, 38503, 41041, 42127, 43213, 48133, 50881, 52801, 54961, 56033, 57137, 63973, 65569, 66197, 75361, 79003, 92929, 96049, ...

关于n的最小欧拉-雅可比伪素数编辑

n 最小欧拉-雅可比伪素数 n 最小欧拉-雅可比伪素数 n 最小欧拉-雅可比伪素数 n 最小欧拉-雅可比伪素数
1 9 33 545 65 33 97 49
2 561 34 33 66 65 98 9
3 121 35 9 67 33 99 25
4 341 36 35 68 25 100 9
5 781 37 9 69 35 101 25
6 217 38 39 70 69 102 133
7 25 39 133 71 9 103 51
8 9 40 39 72 85 104 15
9 91 41 21 73 9 105 451
10 9 42 451 74 15 106 15
11 133 43 21 75 91 107 9
12 91 44 9 76 15 108 91
13 85 45 481 77 39 109 9
14 15 46 9 78 77 110 111
15 1687 47 65 79 39 111 55
16 15 48 49 80 9 112 65
17 9 49 25 81 91 113 57
18 25 50 49 82 9 114 115
19 9 51 25 83 21 115 57
20 21 52 51 84 85 116 9
21 221 53 9 85 21 117 49
22 21 54 55 86 85 118 9
23 169 55 9 87 247 119 15
24 25 56 55 88 87 120 91
25 217 57 25 89 9 121 15
26 9 58 57 90 91 122 65
27 121 59 15 91 9 123 85
28 9 60 481 92 91 124 25
29 15 61 15 93 25 125 9
30 49 62 9 94 93 126 25
31 15 63 529 95 1891 127 9
32 25 64 9 96 95 128 49

参见编辑

参考文献编辑

  1. ^ Carl Pomerance; John L. Selfridge; Samuel S. Wagstaff, Jr. The pseudoprimes to 25·109 (PDF). Mathematics of Computation. July 1980, 35 (151): 1003–1026 [2016-09-22]. doi:10.1090/S0025-5718-1980-0572872-7. (原始内容存档 (PDF)于2016-12-03).