# 色散 (光學)

（重定向自光的色散

## 光學中的材料色散

${\displaystyle v={\frac {c}{n}}}$

${\displaystyle \lambda _{\rm {r}}>\lambda _{\rm {y}}>\lambda _{\rm {b}}}$

${\displaystyle 1

${\displaystyle {\frac {{\mathrm {d} }n}{{\mathrm {d} }\lambda }}<0}$

${\displaystyle n(\lambda )=B+{\frac {C}{\lambda ^{2}}}+{\frac {D}{\lambda ^{4}}}+\cdots }$

## 群速度色散

${\displaystyle {\rm {v_{g}}}={\frac {\rm {v_{p}}}{1-{\frac {\omega }{\rm {v_{p}}}}{\frac {\rm {dv_{p}}}{d\omega }}}}.}$

${\displaystyle D=-{\frac {\lambda }{c}}\,{\frac {{\rm {d}}^{2}n}{{\rm {d}}\lambda ^{2}}}.}$

${\displaystyle D=-{\frac {2\pi c}{\lambda ^{2}}}\,{\frac {{\rm {d}}^{2}k}{{\rm {d}}\omega ^{2}}}.}$

## 高階色散的廣義公式 – Lah-Laguerre 光學

${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{c}\varphi \mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} =\varphi \left.\ \right|_{\omega _{0}}+\left.\ {\frac {\partial \varphi }{\partial \omega }}\right|_{\omega _{0}}\left(\omega -\omega _{0}\right)+{\frac {1}{2}}\left.\ {\frac {\partial ^{2}\varphi }{\partial \omega ^{2}}}\right|_{\omega _{0}}\left(\omega -\omega _{0}\right)^{2}\ +\ldots +{\frac {1}{p!}}\left.\ {\frac {\partial ^{p}\varphi }{\partial \omega ^{p}}}\right|_{\omega _{0}}\left(\omega -\omega _{0}\right)^{p}+\ldots \end{array}}}$

${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{c}k\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} =k\left.\ \right|_{\omega _{0}}+\left.\ {\frac {\partial k}{\partial \omega }}\right|_{\omega _{0}}\left(\omega -\omega _{0}\right)+{\frac {1}{2}}\left.\ {\frac {\partial ^{2}k}{\partial \omega ^{2}}}\right|_{\omega _{0}}\left(\omega -\omega _{0}\right)^{2}\ +\ldots +{\frac {1}{p!}}\left.\ {\frac {\partial ^{p}k}{\partial \omega ^{p}}}\right|_{\omega _{0}}\left(\omega -\omega _{0}\right)^{p}+\ldots \end{array}}}$

${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{c}{\frac {{\partial }^{p}}{\partial {\omega }^{p}}}k\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} ={\frac {1}{c}}\left(p{\frac {{\partial }^{p-1}}{\partial {\omega }^{p-1}}}n\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} +\omega {\frac {{\partial }^{p}}{\partial {\omega }^{p}}}n\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} \right)\ \end{array}}}$ , ${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{c}{\frac {{\partial }^{p}}{\partial {\omega }^{p}}}\varphi \mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} ={\frac {1}{c}}\left(p{\frac {{\partial }^{p-1}}{\partial {\omega }^{p-1}}}{\it {OP}}\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} +\omega {\frac {{\partial }^{p}}{\partial {\omega }^{p}}}{\it {OP}}\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} \right)\end{array}}(1)}$

${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{l}{\frac {\partial {p}}{\partial {\omega }^{p}}}f\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} ={}{\left(\mathrm {-} \mathrm {1} \right)}^{p}{\left({\frac {\lambda }{\mathrm {2} \pi c}}\right)}^{p}\sum \limits _{m={0}}^{p}{{\mathcal {A}}\mathrm {(} p,m\mathrm {)} {\lambda }^{m}{\frac {{\partial }^{m}}{\partial {\lambda }^{m}}}f\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }\end{array}}}$  ${\displaystyle ,}$  ${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{c}{\frac {{\partial }^{p}}{\partial {\lambda }^{p}}}f\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} ={}{\left(\mathrm {-} \mathrm {1} \right)}^{p}{\left({\frac {\omega }{\mathrm {2} \pi c}}\right)}^{p}\sum \limits _{m={0}}^{p}{{\mathcal {A}}\mathrm {(} p,m\mathrm {)} {\omega }^{m}{\frac {{\partial }^{m}}{\partial {\omega }^{m}}}f\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }\end{array}}(2)}$

${\displaystyle POD={\frac {d^{p}\varphi (\omega )}{d\omega ^{p}}}=(-1)^{p}({\frac {\lambda }{2\pi c}})^{(p-1)}\sum _{m=0}^{p}{\mathcal {B(p,m)}}(\lambda )^{m}{\frac {d^{m}OP(\lambda )}{d\lambda ^{m}}}}$  ${\displaystyle ,}$  ${\displaystyle POD={\frac {d^{p}k(\omega )}{d\omega ^{p}}}=(-1)^{p}({\frac {\lambda }{2\pi c}})^{(p-1)}\sum _{m=0}^{p}{\mathcal {B(p,m)}}(\lambda )^{m}{\frac {d^{m}n(\lambda )}{d\lambda ^{m}}}}$

${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{l}{\boldsymbol {\it {GD}}}={\frac {\partial }{\partial \omega }}k\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} ={\frac {\mathrm {1} }{c}}\left(n\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} +\omega {\frac {\partial n\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial \omega }}\right)={\frac {\mathrm {1} }{c}}\left(n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} -\lambda {\frac {\partial n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial \lambda }}\right)=v_{gr}^{\mathrm {-} \mathrm {1} }\end{array}}}$

${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{l}{\boldsymbol {\it {GDD}}}={\frac {{\partial }^{2}}{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {2} }}}k\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} ={\frac {\mathrm {1} }{c}}\left(\mathrm {2} {\frac {\partial n\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial \omega }}+\omega {\frac {{\partial }^{2}n\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {2} }}}\right)={\frac {\mathrm {1} }{c}}\left({\frac {\lambda }{\mathrm {2} \pi c}}\right)\left({\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }{\frac {{\partial }^{2}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }}}\right)\end{array}}}$

${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{l}{\boldsymbol {\it {TOD}}}={\frac {{\partial }^{3}}{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {3} }}}k\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} ={\frac {\mathrm {1} }{c}}\left(\mathrm {3} {\frac {{\partial }^{2}n\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {2} }}}+\omega {\frac {{\partial }^{3}n\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {3} }}}\right)={-}{\frac {\mathrm {1} }{c}}{\left({\frac {\lambda }{\mathrm {2} \pi c}}\right)}^{\mathrm {2} }{\Bigl (}\mathrm {3} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }{\frac {{\partial }^{2}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }}}+{\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }{\frac {{\partial }^{3}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }}}{\Bigr )}\end{array}}}$

${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{l}{\boldsymbol {\it {FOD}}}={\frac {{\partial }^{4}}{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {4} }}}k\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} ={\frac {\mathrm {1} }{c}}\left(\mathrm {4} {\frac {{\partial }^{3}n\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {3} }}}+\omega {\frac {{\partial }^{4}n\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {4} }}}\right)={\frac {\mathrm {1} }{c}}{\left({\frac {\lambda }{\mathrm {2} \pi c}}\right)}^{\mathrm {3} }{\Bigl (}\mathrm {12} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }{\frac {{\partial }^{2}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }}}+\mathrm {8} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }{\frac {{\partial }^{3}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }}}+{\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }{\frac {{\partial }^{4}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }}}{\Bigr )}\end{array}}}$

${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{l}{\boldsymbol {\it {FiOD}}}={\frac {{\partial }^{5}}{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {5} }}}k\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} ={\frac {\mathrm {1} }{c}}\left(\mathrm {5} {\frac {{\partial }^{4}n\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {4} }}}+\omega {\frac {{\partial }^{5}n\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {5} }}}\right)={-}{\frac {\mathrm {1} }{c}}{\left({\frac {\lambda }{\mathrm {2} \pi c}}\right)}^{\mathrm {4} }{\Bigl (}\mathrm {60} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }{\frac {{\partial }^{2}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }}}+\mathrm {60} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }{\frac {{\partial }^{3}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }}}+\mathrm {15} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }{\frac {{\partial }^{4}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }}}+{\lambda }^{\mathrm {5} }{\frac {{\partial }^{5}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {5} }}}{\Bigr )}\end{array}}}$

${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{l}{\boldsymbol {\it {SiOD}}}={\frac {{\partial }^{6}}{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {6} }}}k\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} ={\frac {\mathrm {1} }{c}}\left(\mathrm {6} {\frac {{\partial }^{5}n\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {5} }}}+\omega {\frac {{\partial }^{6}n\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {6} }}}\right)={\frac {\mathrm {1} }{c}}{\left({\frac {\lambda }{\mathrm {2} \pi c}}\right)}^{\mathrm {5} }{\Bigl (}\mathrm {360} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }{\frac {{\partial }^{2}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }}}+\mathrm {480} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }{\frac {{\partial }^{3}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }}}+\mathrm {180} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }{\frac {{\partial }^{4}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }}}+\mathrm {24} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {5} }{\frac {{\partial }^{5}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {5} }}}+{\lambda }^{\mathrm {6} }{\frac {{\partial }^{6}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {6} }}}{\Bigr )}\end{array}}}$

${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{l}{\boldsymbol {\it {SeOD}}}={\frac {{\partial }^{7}}{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {7} }}}k\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} ={\frac {\mathrm {1} }{c}}\left(\mathrm {7} {\frac {{\partial }^{6}n\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{{\partial \omega }^{\mathrm {6} }}}+\omega {\frac {{\partial }^{7}n\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{{\partial \omega }^{\mathrm {7} }}}\right)={-}{\frac {\mathrm {1} }{c}}{\left({\frac {\lambda }{\mathrm {2} \pi c}}\right)}^{\mathrm {6} }{\Bigl (}\mathrm {2520} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }{\frac {{\partial }^{2}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }}}+\mathrm {4200} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }{\frac {{\partial }^{3}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }}}+\mathrm {2100} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }{\frac {{\partial }^{4}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }}}+\mathrm {420} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {5} }{\frac {{\partial }^{5}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {5} }}}+\mathrm {35} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {6} }{\frac {{\partial }^{6}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {6} }}}+{\lambda }^{\mathrm {7} }{\frac {{\partial }^{7}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {7} }}}{\Bigr )}\end{array}}}$

${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{l}{\boldsymbol {\it {EOD}}}={\frac {{\partial }^{8}}{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {8} }}}k\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} ={\frac {\mathrm {1} }{c}}\left(\mathrm {8} {\frac {{\partial }^{7}n\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{{\partial \omega }^{\mathrm {7} }}}+\omega {\frac {{\partial }^{8}n\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {8} }}}\right)={\frac {\mathrm {1} }{c}}{\left({\frac {\lambda }{\mathrm {2} \pi c}}\right)}^{\mathrm {7} }{\Bigl (}\mathrm {20160} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }{\frac {{\partial }^{2}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }}}+\mathrm {40320} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }{\frac {{\partial }^{3}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }}}+\mathrm {25200} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }{\frac {{\partial }^{4}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }}}+\mathrm {6720} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {5} }{\frac {{\partial }^{5}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {5} }}}+\mathrm {840} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {6} }{\frac {{\partial }^{6}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {6} }}}+\\+\mathrm {48} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {7} }{\frac {{\partial }^{7}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {7} }}}+{\lambda }^{\mathrm {8} }{\frac {{\partial }^{8}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {8} }}}{\Bigr )}\end{array}}}$

${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{l}{\boldsymbol {\it {NOD}}}={\frac {{\partial }^{9}}{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {9} }}}k\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} ={\frac {\mathrm {1} }{c}}\left(\mathrm {9} {\frac {{\partial }^{8}n\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {8} }}}+\omega {\frac {{\partial }^{9}n\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {9} }}}\right)={-}{\frac {\mathrm {1} }{c}}{\left({\frac {\lambda }{\mathrm {2} \pi c}}\right)}^{\mathrm {8} }{\Bigl (}\mathrm {181440} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }{\frac {{\partial }^{2}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }}}+\mathrm {423360} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }{\frac {{\partial }^{3}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }}}+\mathrm {317520} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }{\frac {{\partial }^{4}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }}}+\mathrm {105840} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {5} }{\frac {{\partial }^{5}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {5} }}}+\mathrm {17640} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {6} }{\frac {{\partial }^{6}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {6} }}}+\\+\mathrm {1512} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {7} }{\frac {{\partial }^{7}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {7} }}}+\mathrm {63} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {8} }{\frac {{\partial }^{8}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {8} }}}+{\lambda }^{\mathrm {9} }{\frac {{\partial }^{9}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {9} }}}{\Bigr )}\end{array}}}$

${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{l}{\boldsymbol {\it {TeOD}}}={\frac {{\partial }^{10}}{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {10} }}}k\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} ={\frac {\mathrm {1} }{c}}\left(\mathrm {10} {\frac {{\partial }^{9}n\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {9} }}}+\omega {\frac {{\partial }^{10}n\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {10} }}}\right)={\frac {\mathrm {1} }{c}}{\left({\frac {\lambda }{\mathrm {2} \pi c}}\right)}^{\mathrm {9} }{\Bigl (}\mathrm {1814400} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }{\frac {{\partial }^{2}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }}}+\mathrm {4838400} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }{\frac {{\partial }^{3}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }}}+\mathrm {4233600} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }{\frac {{\partial }^{4}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }}}+{1693440}{\lambda }^{\mathrm {5} }{\frac {{\partial }^{5}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {5} }}}+\\+\mathrm {352800} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {6} }{\frac {{\partial }^{6}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {6} }}}+\mathrm {40320} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {7} }{\frac {{\partial }^{7}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {7} }}}+\mathrm {2520} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {8} }{\frac {{\partial }^{8}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {8} }}}+\mathrm {80} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {9} }{\frac {{\partial }^{9}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {9} }}}+{\lambda }^{\mathrm {10} }{\frac {{\partial }^{10}n\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {10} }}}{\Bigr )}\end{array}}}$

${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{l}{\frac {\partial {p}}{\partial {\omega }^{p}}}f\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} ={}{\left(\mathrm {-} \mathrm {1} \right)}^{p}{\left({\frac {\lambda }{\mathrm {2} \pi c}}\right)}^{p}\sum \limits _{m={0}}^{p}{{\mathcal {A}}\mathrm {(} p,m\mathrm {)} {\lambda }^{m}{\frac {{\partial }^{m}}{\partial {\lambda }^{m}}}f\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }\end{array}}}$  ${\displaystyle ,}$  ${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{c}{\frac {{\partial }^{p}}{\partial {\lambda }^{p}}}f\mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} ={}{\left(\mathrm {-} \mathrm {1} \right)}^{p}{\left({\frac {\omega }{\mathrm {2} \pi c}}\right)}^{p}\sum \limits _{m={0}}^{p}{{\mathcal {A}}\mathrm {(} p,m\mathrm {)} {\omega }^{m}{\frac {{\partial }^{m}}{\partial {\omega }^{m}}}f\mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }\end{array}}}$

${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{l}{\frac {\partial \varphi \mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial \omega }}={-}\left({\frac {\mathrm {2} \pi c}{{\omega }^{\mathrm {2} }}}\right){\frac {\partial \varphi \mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial \lambda }}={-}\left({\frac {{\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }}{\mathrm {2} \pi c}}\right){\frac {\partial \varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial \lambda }}\end{array}}}$

${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{l}{\frac {{\partial }^{2}\varphi \mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {2} }}}={\frac {\partial }{\partial \omega }}\left({\frac {\partial \varphi \mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial \omega }}\right)={\left({\frac {\lambda }{\mathrm {2} \pi c}}\right)}^{\mathrm {2} }\left(\mathrm {2} \lambda {\frac {\partial \varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial \lambda }}+{\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }{\frac {{\partial }^{2}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }}}\right)\end{array}}}$

${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{l}{\frac {{\partial }^{3}\varphi \mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {3} }}}={-}{\left({\frac {\lambda }{\mathrm {2} \pi c}}\right)}^{\mathrm {3} }\left(\mathrm {6} \lambda {\frac {\partial \varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial \lambda }}+\mathrm {6} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }{\frac {{\partial }^{2}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }}}+{\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }{\frac {{\partial }^{3}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }}}\right)\end{array}}}$

${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{l}{\frac {{\partial }^{4}\varphi \mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {4} }}}={\left({\frac {\lambda }{\mathrm {2} \pi c}}\right)}^{\mathrm {4} }{\Bigl (}\mathrm {24} \lambda {\frac {\partial \varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial \lambda }}+\mathrm {36} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }{\frac {{\partial }^{2}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }}}+\mathrm {12} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }{\frac {{\partial }^{3}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }}}+{\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }{\frac {{\partial }^{4}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }}}{\Bigr )}\end{array}}}$

${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{l}{\frac {{\partial }^{\mathrm {5} }\varphi \mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {5} }}}={-}{\left({\frac {\lambda }{\mathrm {2} \pi c}}\right)}^{\mathrm {5} }{\Bigl (}\mathrm {120} \lambda {\frac {\partial \varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial \lambda }}+\mathrm {240} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }{\frac {{\partial }^{2}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }}}+\mathrm {120} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }{\frac {{\partial }^{3}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }}}+\mathrm {20} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }{\frac {{\partial }^{4}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }}}+{\lambda }^{\mathrm {5} }{\frac {{\partial }^{5}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {5} }}}{\Bigr )}\end{array}}}$

${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{l}{\frac {{\partial }^{6}\varphi \mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {6} }}}={\left({\frac {\lambda }{\mathrm {2} \pi c}}\right)}^{\mathrm {6} }{\Bigl (}\mathrm {720} \lambda {\frac {\partial \varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial \lambda }}+\mathrm {1800} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }{\frac {{\partial }^{2}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }}}+\mathrm {1200} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }{\frac {{\partial }^{3}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }}}+\mathrm {300} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }{\frac {{\partial }^{4}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }}}+\mathrm {30} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {5} }{\frac {{\partial }^{5}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {5} }}}\mathrm {\ +} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {6} }{\frac {{\partial }^{6}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {6} }}}{\Bigr )}\end{array}}}$

${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{l}{\frac {{\partial }^{7}\varphi \mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {7} }}}={-}{\left({\frac {\lambda }{\mathrm {2} \pi c}}\right)}^{\mathrm {7} }{\Bigl (}\mathrm {5040} \lambda {\frac {\partial \varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial \lambda }}+\mathrm {15120} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }{\frac {{\partial }^{2}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }}}+\mathrm {12600} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }{\frac {{\partial }^{3}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }}}+\mathrm {4200} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }{\frac {{\partial }^{4}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }}}+\mathrm {630} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {5} }{\frac {{\partial }^{5}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {5} }}}+\mathrm {42} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {6} }{\frac {{\partial }^{6}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {6} }}}+{\lambda }^{\mathrm {7} }{\frac {{\partial }^{7}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {7} }}}{\Bigr )}\end{array}}}$

${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{l}{\frac {{\partial }^{8}\varphi \mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {8} }}}={\left({\frac {\lambda }{\mathrm {2} \pi c}}\right)}^{\mathrm {8} }{\Bigl (}\mathrm {40320} \lambda {\frac {\partial \varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial \lambda }}+\mathrm {141120} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }{\frac {{\partial }^{2}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }}}+\mathrm {141120} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }{\frac {{\partial }^{3}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }}}+\mathrm {58800} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }{\frac {{\partial }^{4}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }}}+\mathrm {11760} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {5} }{\frac {{\partial }^{5}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {5} }}}+\mathrm {1176} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {6} }{\frac {{\partial }^{6}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {6} }}}+\mathrm {56} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {7} }{\frac {{\partial }^{7}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {7} }}}+\\+{\lambda }^{\mathrm {8} }{\frac {\partial ^{8}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {8} }}}{\Bigr )}\end{array}}}$  ${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{l}{\frac {{\partial }^{9}\varphi \mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {9} }}}={-}{\left({\frac {\lambda }{\mathrm {2} \pi c}}\right)}^{\mathrm {9} }{\Bigl (}\mathrm {362880} \lambda {\frac {\partial \varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial \lambda }}+\mathrm {1451520} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }{\frac {{\partial }^{2}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }}}+\mathrm {1693440} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }{\frac {{\partial }^{3}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }}}+\mathrm {846720} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }{\frac {{\partial }^{4}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }}}+\mathrm {211680} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {5} }{\frac {{\partial }^{5}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {5} }}}+\mathrm {28224} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {6} }{\frac {{\partial }^{6}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {6} }}}+\\+\mathrm {2016} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {7} }{\frac {{\partial }^{7}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {7} }}}+\mathrm {72} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {8} }{\frac {{\partial }^{8}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {8} }}}+{\lambda }^{\mathrm {9} }{\frac {\partial ^{\mathrm {9} }\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {9} }}}{\Bigr )}\end{array}}}$

${\displaystyle {\begin{array}{l}{\frac {{\partial }^{10}\varphi \mathrm {(} \omega \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\omega }^{\mathrm {10} }}}={\left({\frac {\lambda }{\mathrm {2} \pi c}}\right)}^{\mathrm {10} }{\Bigl (}\mathrm {3628800} \lambda {\frac {\partial \varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial \lambda }}+\mathrm {16329600} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }{\frac {{\partial }^{2}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {2} }}}+\mathrm {21772800} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }{\frac {{\partial }^{3}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {3} }}}+\mathrm {12700800} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }{\frac {{\partial }^{4}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {4} }}}+\mathrm {3810240} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {5} }{\frac {{\partial }^{5}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {5} }}}+\mathrm {635040} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {6} }{\frac {{\partial }^{6}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {6} }}}+\\+\mathrm {60480} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {7} }{\frac {{\partial }^{7}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {7} }}}+\mathrm {3240} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {8} }{\frac {{\partial }^{8}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {8} }}}+\mathrm {90} {\lambda }^{\mathrm {9} }{\frac {{\partial }^{9}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {9} }}}+{\lambda }^{\mathrm {10} }{\frac {{\partial }^{10}\varphi \mathrm {(} \lambda \mathrm {)} }{\partial {\lambda }^{\mathrm {10} }}}{\Bigr )}\end{array}}}$

## 参考文献

1. ^ 1882-1970., Born, Max,. Principles of optics : electromagnetic theory of propagation, interference and diffraction of light. 7th expanded ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press https://web.archive.org/web/20080620012317/http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/40200160. 1999 [2019-01-28]. ISBN 0521642221. OCLC 40200160. （原始内容存档于2008-06-20）. 缺少或|title=为空 (帮助)
2. ^ Dispersion Compensation页面存档备份，存于互联网档案馆） Retrieved 25-08-2015.
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5. ^ Popmintchev, Dimitar; Wang, Siyang; Xiaoshi, Zhang; Stoev, Ventzislav; Popmintchev, Tenio. Analytical Lah-Laguerre optical formalism for perturbative chromatic dispersion. Optics Express. 2022-10-24, 30 (22): 40779–40808. Bibcode:2022OExpr..3040779P. PMID 36299007. （英语）.
6. ^ Popmintchev, Dimitar; Wang, Siyang; Xiaoshi, Zhang; Stoev, Ventzislav; Popmintchev, Tenio. Theory of the Chromatic Dispersion, Revisited. 2020-08-30. [physics.optics] （英语）.