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半開央圓唇元音

半開央圓唇元音(open-mid central rounded vowel、low-mid central rounded vowel[1])是元音的一種,存在于一些語言當中,國際音標ɞX-SAMPA音标是3\。1993年以前,该元音记作ɔ̈

半開央圓唇元音
ɞ
ɔ̈
IPA編號 395
編碼
HTML碼(十進制) ɞ
Unicode碼(十六進制) U+025E
X-SAMPA音標 3\
ASCII音標英语Kirshenbaum O"
IPA盲文英语IPA Braille ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236)⠜ (braille pattern dots-345)
音頻範例

特徵编辑

國際音標元音
 
 
 
次閉
 
 
半閉
 
 
 
半開
 
 
 
次開
 
 
 
 

表內成對的元音分別為不圓唇/圓唇

  • 圓唇度圓唇元音,這表示嘴唇向前突起並圓形的開口,且唇內側並不露出。

举例编辑

语言 单词 IPA 含义 注释
英语 爱尔兰英语[2] but /bɞt/ 但是 英语中一般读作[ʌ]
纽芬兰英语[3]
爱尔兰英语 tomhail /tɞ̜ːlʲ/ 消费
卡舒比语 ptôch /ptɞx/
納瓦荷語[4] tsosts'id /tsʰɞstsʼɪt/
索馬里語 keenaysaa /keːnɞjsɑː/ (她)带来

注释编辑

  1. ^ While the International Phonetic Association prefers the terms "close" and "open" for vowel height, many linguists use "high" and "low".
  2. ^ Wells (1982a:422)
  3. ^ Wells (1982b:499)
  4. ^ McDonough, Ladefoged & George (1993). Note that the authors gave a narrow transcription of [ɵ], though at the time the IPA had only this one symbol for a mid central rounded vowel, and it is clear from the discussion and formant charts that this vowel a centralized open mid vowel.

参考资料编辑

  • McDonough, Joyce; Ladefoged, Peter; George, Helen, Navajo Vowels and Phonetic Universal Tendencies, UCLA Working Papers in Phonetics, Fieldwork Studies of Targeted Languages, 1993, 84: 143–150 
  • Wells, John C. Accents of English. II: The British Isles. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press. 1982a. ISBN 0-521-28541-0. 
  • Wells, John C. Accents of English. III: Beyond the British Isles. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press. 1982b. ISBN 0-521-28541-0.